All posts by LDS Intelligent Living

A Wake-Up Call

By LDS Intelligent Living

While the COVID-19 situation has introduced a number of challenges and concerns, it has also provided an opportunity for us to flex our preparedness muscles just a bit and reflect on what worked well for us and areas that we should bolster for ongoing and future challenges. We recently asked sisters in the stake to reflect on what they learned from recent experiences with regard to preparedness. While we did not receive a lot of responses, there are some common themes that emerged from those who thoughtfully responded (thank you so much for taking the time to respond). If you did not respond to the survey, that’s okay. Please still take the time to reflect on each of these questions and have a conversation with a friend or family about your reflections so that you can learn and grow from your experiences. Following are some of the themes and reflections we received.

What caught you most by surprise?

Abruptness of emergency situation. Several sisters were surprised at how quickly the government and general public panicked, overreacted, etc. While perceptions of government and public response to emergencies are somewhat subjective, this was a good wake-up call that some of our freedoms and opportunities can be taken away easily and quickly. This is a great time to reflect on what you can do personally to be an asset to your family and community in being confident and steadfast in an emergency situation.
Supply shortages. Did you notice how quickly some items disappeared from shelves in stores? What does that indicate about our societal preferences? How did such shortages affect you personally?

Empty shelves during COVID-19. Photo taken by LDS Intelligent Living March 2020
In what ways did you feel best prepared?

Food and household supplies. While most sisters acknowledge some shortcomings in their food storage, many of you have at least some short-term food storage. That’s great! Some additional questions to consider include: Are there food items you and your family didn’t eat? Do you have too much of some things? What items could you increase in your storage?
Savings. Finances, especially sufficient savings to supplement in times of shortage and need, are a particular challenge for most of us. Some sisters had at least a little money set aside. If you don’t have a lot saved, how can you increase, even a little bit? Every little bit of savings will be a blessing when it is needed.
Spiritual. It was great to hear from sisters that recent prophetic counsel and church resources (like Come Follow Me) have prepared us individually and as families to retain a spiritual focus and structure for personal worship during a time when our religious freedoms have been somewhat curtailed. There were also highlights of ministering blessings and missionary opportunities that were increased because of the crisis situation. Thank you for watching for opportunities to strengthen others and share the gospel in this challenging time!

In what ways did you feel least prepared?

Water storage.

Having an adequate supply of water clearly came out as the number one item for which sisters reported feeling least prepared.
Other areas. Additional areas mentioned included adequate supply of prescription medication, food for pets, and sanitation items (such as hand sanitizer and disinfectants).

What would you focus on better if you had to repeat this situation?

Water storage.  Again, more water storage and a plan for rotating water was a highlight.
Cash. While a few sisters reporting some level of financial savings or security (in this current situation), having cash on hand would be beneficial. Are your savings all tied up in investments or a bank account that could be inaccessible in an emergency?
Social relationships. Finding ways to stay engaged socially, particularly with family members, is important. Do you know how to use social media or virtual meeting tools so that you can stay in touch with loved ones?

Based on these themes, we would like to offer some additional observations and recommendations for your consideration.
Preparedness is very individual. All of us are at different points in our life journey, have different family configurations, different employment and income opportunities and are in different places in our spiritual progression. While there are some universal practices that we should all follow, be sure to tailor your preparedness efforts to your personal situation, resources and abilities.
Retain a primary focus on the Plan of Salvation. Remember the primary reasons we are here on earth. Showing obedience to Heavenly Father’s commandments and helping others to do the same needs to remain at the core of all our earthly experiences. Take time to regularly ponder whether you are striving to be on track spiritually and are willing to help bear the burdens of others and strengthen them.
Maintain a spiritual social network. We saw how quickly our religious freedoms can be removed, even in the name or protecting the health and safety of the public. As Elder Bednar recently observed, the ability and right to gather (maintain a social network) is at the core of our religious freedom and spiritual need. Take this time to strengthen your spiritual networks, so that you can retain those critical contacts and opportunities to serve in crisis situations.
Focus on water storage. Water supplies can become quickly disrupted or unusable in emergency situations. Remember that typical recommendations include having a minimum of one gallon per day per person of water storage. Store a minimum of two weeks’ water supply for your needs, more if possible. Remember to also be prepared with ways to purify water for drinking if needed, remove water from large storage containers, and a plan to rotate your water supply.
Focus on short-term food storage. While we have received a lot of counsel over the years to have at least a year’s supply of food storage, if you are not anywhere near that goal, focus on building up  a 3 months food supply first. “Build a small supply of food that is part of  your normal, daily diet. One way to do this is to purchase a few extra items each week to build a one-week supply of food. Then you can gradually increase your supply until it is sufficient for three months. For longer-term need, and where permitted, gradually build a supply of food that will last a long time and that you can use to stay alive, such as wheat, white rice and beans. These items can last 30 years or more when properly packaged and stored in a cool, dry place. A portion of these items maybe rotated in your three-month supply.” All Is Safely Gathered In

Keep some cash on hand. Recommendations vary somewhat in terms of how much cash to have on hand. Personal preferences and needs also factor in the amount needed. However, regardless of how much cash you keep on hand, be sure to have smaller bills ($20s or smaller denominations), store it in a safe, secure place and make a commitment to yourself that it is for emergency use only (for example, write down what constitutes emergency use for you and keep that written note with the cash).


“Be believing, be happy, don’t get discouraged. Things will work out.” Gordon B. Hinckley

Finding Joy and Happiness in Self-Reliance


by Sister Denise Cottrell – Stake Relief Society President

As I thought and thought and read and prayed about what to write regarding Self Reliance, I came to the conclusion that this is a topic that is very broad and encompasses much. Many articles can be written and still not cover it all adequately.

The basic understanding might be different than what you thought it was. Do you think Self Reliance is simply putting extra food in a cabinet each time you shop? Perhaps you thought it means to have a job that sustains you and your family or a combination of the two; food storage and making a living? President Dieter F. Uchtdorf, said “The Lord’s way of self-reliance involves, in a balanced way, many facets of life, including education, health, employment, family finances, and spiritual strength. One of the blessings of work is developing self-reliance. When you are self-reliant, you use the blessings and abilities God has given you to care for yourself and your family and to find solutions for your own problems. Self-reliance does not mean that you must be able to do all things on your own. To be truly self-reliant, you must learn how to work with others and turn to the Lord for His help and strength” (For the Strength of Youth, Work and Self Reliance). The gospel of work is part of ‘the fulness of the gospel’. Though joyful, missionary work is work. Though joyful, temple work is work. Ministering our ward, community or family members, involves work.

Sometimes the reward is realized with thankfulness but often it is just done by the Spirit and with love, never knowing if what you have done has made a difference. But the Lord knows. You know. That should be enough. It is part of teaching our children and others to walk in the ways of truth and soberness and to love and serve one another.

Let us all go forward developing and sharing our talents, becoming truly self-reliant in a way that draws us closer to God. As we strive to do this we will find joy and happiness and understand what it truly means to become ‘self-reliant’.


Lifesaving Paper Sculpting

As the weird form of rheumatoid arthritis ate away at my joints, I slowly became unable to do paintings, pencil sketches, and sculptures. I had taught Quilling classes to the Sisters in Relief Society some 30 years ago. This would be something I could not only physically do, but financially as well. When I taught the Sisters how to quill, the art was a flat, decorative art with wonderful twirls and curls, making amazingly fancy looks.
Quilling is an old world art using narrow paper strips to be twirled around a feather quill. (I use a round tooth pick.) Long ago, rich women gave the upper crust church leaders of the area, large donations. In return, the church leaders would give those wealthy ladies a gold broach with twirled gold filigree inside the small frame. It was a prestige thing to have one of those. One, not so rich gal, decided she desperately wanted one of those gold broaches. She trimmed the gold edge off her bible pages, curled the tiny strips around a feather quill, and made a broach that looked like the gold broaches given to the rich and elite. The art took off, and anyone with a bible with gold trimmed page edges, could have one.
I missed doing sculptures. I developed a way to use the quill shapes in 3-D items, such as gazebos, rocking chairs, and patio tables with fancy umbrellas. As time passed, I could no longer do the twirling of the quilled shapes. I needed to find a new outlet for my talent. I could still use scissors, and glue small pieces of paper together. Paper sculpture was born; still an inexpensive art form. I live in a low income building with 200 people who may or may not have family who care. Holidays are difficult for us. I put out hundreds of paper sculptures on the different holidays for the residents to take home with them (Heavenly Father’s idea). It helps them to feel that someone cares. Wonderful missionary moments have come from those gifts. I am now donating paper sculptures to a woman’s shelter. They too have a hard time with holidays.
 For myself, I am kept mentally active, making up new paper sculpt designs, in spite of not being able to leave my apartment. People come to visit and I have gifts for them to take away with them. I am a happy camper. I am busy, and able to share with my brothers and sisters; in the Lord’s Church and otherwise. Paper has turned out to be one of Heavenly Father’s miracles in my life.
by Chris C.

The Vernonia Flood

by Terry Grosnick

We’ve read all too often of flooding around the world as well as here at home; so often in fact that we may simply glance through the story and move on to what is happening on the political front or who is playing who in the sport’s world. I want to share with you the story behind the story. The story of brave families that have come face to face with a flood disaster, after which perhaps some of you volunteered your time and your talents to help after the Vernonia flood of December 3, 2007.
That flood began occurring before 8:30 in the morning in Vernonia, Oregon, a rural but quaint lumber town situated in our own back yard about an hour and a half west of Portland with a population of 2,100. It’s the kind of rural community that we often search out on the weekends looking for just the right vase for Aunt Mary or that certain pocket knife for Uncle Fred. Quaint! Friendly! And Homey!
The Vernonia citizens are down-to-earth good people that help one another in times of need and attend church on Sundays just like you & I, but that flood was more than they could handle on their own. Especially since many of those same citizens had already been through the 500 year flood in 1996, and their pocket books were thin from putting their homes back together after that disaster.
The community was caught completely by surprise and swift moving currents made rescues especially difficult. The roads going in and out of town were closed and Vernonia became an island. They had no outside help for the first twenty-four hours since even the Air National Guard couldn’t fly that day because of weather conditions and didn’t arrive until the morning of December 4th. Outside agencies couldn’t reach them because the roads were closed. They only had each other to rely on. Because the flood waters became so deep, sometimes they couldn’t even get to their neighbors. It was just too dangerous.

This is where my story begins; the story behind the story.
Brother & Sister Scott Rice were one of those couples that put their home back together after the 1996 flood. They were only one of many families that survived that disaster a lot wiser and a lot more prepared. For them, by the time 2007 rolled around their family had increased to six.
The Rice’s watched the water flowing down Douglas Street like a water slide, almost pleasant as it inched its way to the pond across from their home. They were not concerned in the beginning however, because they had raised the foundation of their home in ’96 and thought all was well. As they watched though, the water quickly became deeper and deeper lapping at the tires of their vehicles and flowing into their garage. They all knelt for family prayer. What should they do? Their children became increasingly concerned and with the further depth of water they decided they had to leave in their own boat.
They planned to ride the boat up the street to the main highway west to get to higher ground. However, the propeller of the boat became entangled in the barbed-wire fencing from around the pond. It had been lifted from the ground by the force of the water. This family of six, along with two young people who came to rescue them in a much smaller boat, and the family cat in a box that yowled continually from fear found themselves stranded in deep water in the middle of their own street. The family prayed several times in the boat discerning what Heavenly Father wished for them to do.
There was so much debris in the water that kept crashing into the boat that it became an impossible situation. They called 911, not because they feared for their lives but because they were freezing in the cold and pouring December weather and their children were afraid and soaked to the skin. The heavy rains continued until the boat was raised above the wire fencing. This time they aimed the boat toward the mountainside at the east end of their street. As their boat moved away, they watched the flood waters move in and claim their home.
The family was able to clamor onto the hillside among the berry briers and the snow, making their way the distance of two blocks to their Branch President’s home & safety. A day or two later, they moved into an apartment over Scott’s brothers garage well away from the flood waters and the yellow muck & mud left behind as the flood waters receded.
Sister Rice had learned some important lessons from the previous flood. Everyone take note: Don’t keep any items in cardboard boxes. Their family items were kept in plastic tubs and picked up and put away every evening. This included cardboard laundry and dishwasher soaps. Everything was kept portable and contained.
Before they left their home they put everything they could up onto stationary counter tops and built-ins; not tables or other furnishings that the swiftness of the water could up-end. Even refrigerators are easily tipped over by the force of flood water.
Sister Rice always keeps their important papers & pictures where they can easily be grabbed & taken with them. When a church contractor came to help repair their home later, he built a ledge around the middle of the garage where power tools and expensive, irreplaceable, items could be safely stored. And, yes, their home foundation was once again raised.
Last winter while their oldest daughter was living in a basement apartment in Corvallis, she followed her mom’s instructions and kept all her possessions in plastic tubs. That became an invaluable piece of knowledge when her apartment flooded. Nearly all of Laura’s things were safe but her roommate, not followings Sister’s Rice’s advice, lost nearly everything.
The family now has a generator because the Vernonia Community often loses their electricity throughout the year. Her husband found one, on the internet, that needed repair. Being an engineer, he had it in working order in no time. Now their freezer food will always remain cold.
Once work began restoring the Rice home, Sister Rice was asked to go over to over and see what was happening there. When she arrived, there were about 25 men inside tearing out the floor before it could begin molding. There was a woman & her daughter that the family didn’t know that wiped down the front door & completely cleaned the bathroom. There were men everywhere outside picking up debris including the yellow shirts we all know and love and fellow workers at Intel and church members and many others that remain nameless.
Sister Rice hurried back home, returning with her four children so that they could see all the work that was being done on their home. She wanted them to know the generosity of people and that it was the love of the Lord that brought them to help out their family. This kind of service was going on all over Vernonia.
An elderly sister who lived right across the highway from the Nehalem River told me she watched the water come over the road and bring logs and log debris with it, bumping into her home’s foundation and front & back steps all night long. She had raised her house about 8’ after the 1996 flood. Yes, she was safe, but she talked about how frightening it was to feel & hear those sounds since she lived alone and was unable to get out of her house because of flooding.
Brother Bob Grosnick & Brother Keith Atchley checked on the flood waters at the corner of Hwy 47 and Scappoose-Vernonia Highway about 4 PM, December 3. They stayed well back as they watched debris, including a washing machine being swept over the bridge from the force of the raging waters.
Steven Perry and his family lived about 500 feet from the Vernonia church building. Equipped with a rain coat and fishing waders, every hour on the hour, Brother Perry forced his way through torrents of water to keep the church parking lot drains free of debris. Between his efforts and the grace of the Lord, their church building was spared any water damage.
Alison & Jerry Dinger had recently installed new flooring and new carpet on the main level of their home. That was ruined, of course, as were the floors and many items in their out-buildings. Their property, as well of their neighborhood, became a lake with houses planted here and there. They were able to live in their upstairs until the main level was cleaned and flooring replaced. It is impossible to realize how much sludge and smelly refuge a flood can leave in its trail.
Sister Gienah Cheney said later in a RS meeting, “I didn’t have enough chocolate when our basement flooded right up to the top step of the main floor.” Well, everyone laughed as you probably are doing right now, but when you are in the middle of a disaster it is the familiar that brings you peace and comfort. When the Cheney family were exhausted and emotionally spent, they would gather around one another and have a piece of chocolate heaven. Regroup! And go back to work. (Families should only store those foods that your loved ones will enjoy eating in times of crisis.)
Later, the Vernonia Branch Building was opened as a head-quarters to volunteer workers to gather and receive instruction as to where they were needed. The center was manned by the local Relief Society sisters. They also prepared lunches for those hungry volunteers and there were many workers over the weeks to come. The church storehouse brought one of the first trucks into town and made frequent deliveries of canned foods to be given out to the community.
Sister Tori Fallau, working at the local Senior Center, waited too long to drive the six blocks to her two-story town house where her son & daughter were at home alone. The flood waters came up to the bottom of the doors of her old pick-up truck. She abandoned it and pushed through on her own. The apartment was flooding when she arrived home so they gathered what they could, including their two cats and put everything on the second floor. With her six year old son between them, they managed to walk through waist-high water to a steep section of the main highway and to the safety of a friend’s home, even though raging & powerful flood waters were pouring over them the whole time.
A National Guard helicopter was able to rescue a community woman and her daughter when their jeep was swept into the Nehalem River. They were able to escape the vehicle and were standing on the roof top when they were found.
There were 17 church missionaries that came to the local Vernonia Cares Food Bank building, mucked it out and restored clean & sanitary order to a chaotic mess. All the foods that were stored there for the residents to choose from were destroyed, but once the missionaries cleaned out the building, donations replaced all that was lost and much more. To this day, you can still see the flood water marks on the double doors about 5’ off the floor. Did I mention the building has about a three foot foundation?
The Food Bank Board and many, many volunteers stepped up to put the building and food items right. Sandy Welch, the Food Bank’s manager was unable to be there in the beginning since her home had also flooded. Others willingly did their best to replace Sandy’s wonderful leadership. This was another time when the strength and courage of the community shined through.
It is important that I mention the 200 state prison inmates from the four correctional facilities that were able to serve Vernonia residents with clean up. I, for one, was working at the Vernonia Cares Food Bank while inmates were building shelving for all of the hundreds of pounds of food that was donated by those caring families from the Valley, Safeway Foods, Fred Meyer and many other businesses. With the inmates help, residents were able to push a grocery cart up and down shelved isles to take whatever their families could use. The inmates were happy to be helping and the Vernonian’s were happy to have their help.
The Cedar Ridge Retreat Center opened their doors to displaced residents needing a shower and a warm, dry bed. The Retreat kitchen staff fed people as did St. Mary’s Catholic Church. St. Mary’s shelter was overrun with 168 flood victims staying there. It had a capacity for 70.
As donations poured in, the old Lincoln Grade School, well up on a hillside, was opened to accept furniture, beds, and appliances in the basement level and clothing and dry goods on the main floor.
There was no phone service and no electrical power, leaving citizens in the dark, unable to reach out to their families for several days.
As the waters began to recede, rescue efforts were bolstered by the arrival of Air National Guard Troops who used inflatable rafts and high clearance vehicles to help evacuate residents.
Relief efforts began pouring into the community from everywhere. There were so many Portland-area businesses that assisted, they are too numerous to mention. Individuals & groups in outlying areas brought clothing, food, toys, furniture, and financial donations.
Another courageous woman of Vernonia was Dr. Phillis Gillmore. She was the only Vernonia Medical Physician. The Providence Clinic was built right on the banks of Rock Creek in the middle of town. She told me that her office chair was in her office in the very front of the building and when she went in after the flood it was clear in the back of the building. The force of water is an interesting phenomenon.
Providence brought in and set up yurt-like tents in the clinic parking lot. Dr. Gillmore would go from tent to tent seeing patients. There was an epidemic of pneumonia and skin/eye infections from all the septic tank sewerage and flood water & mud muck.
The local dentist’s office building, belonging to Brother Chris Scheuerman, was also along the banks of Rock Creek with severe flood damage. He was able to have a large dental van brought in to continue serving the community.
Before the flood, the grade, middle and high schools were on the main drag through town, Highway 47. Not any longer! Since the flood, a new building housing all grades has been built on higher ground. However, the museum and the fire & police departments can still be found at each end of town. All three buildings were built on high ground and unaffected by the flood.
The story of the 2007 Vernonia Flood could not be told without mentioning “Trash Mountain”. Daily trucks and cars would be lined up through town waiting to unload their flood garbage at a designated dump site. A back hoe was used to mound it into a “mountain” of trash, and then load it into dump trucks to be hauled away each day. Property owners were also allowed to leave their flood garbage at the end of their streets and it was picked up and hauled away.
With Christmas just around the corner, many, many donations were received in the form of presents for the children. It was a heart-warming Christmas for the Vernonia children and a welcome financial relief for the parents.
When it came close to Christmas and time for the branch Christmas dinner, the Stake members stepped in and supplied a sit-down dinner for the entire attending branch. Everyone was so exhausted from repairing their own homes or helping with other’s repairs that the idea of putting together a Christmas dinner was an unsurmountable thought. The stake will never know what a choice blessing they gave the Vernonia Branch members in preparing and serving that dinner.
Without schools to attend, the branch young men and young women worked diligently, helping the community muck out their houses and clearing the insulation, venting, and the aftermath of the flood from beneath homes. When it came time, in January, for the youth to go back to school, they complained. They didn’t want to go to school! They just wanted to keep doing the Lord’s work and help others.
In closing, one last story: Sister Kimberly Perry loaded her suburban with as many church sanitary buckets as it would hold, driving around town and handing them out. She had pulled up to a curb when a resident asked if she could have one of the buckets. Sister Perry quickly got out and gave her a bucket from the back of her vehicle. When the flood victim saw Christ’s picture on the front of our buckets, she said, “There is Jesus. He couldn’t stop the flood, but he never forgot us. He has been here all the time.”
There are so many stories within stories to tell of brave, courageous individuals that shared and cared with families, neighbors and friends through a difficult time in their lives. They rose to the challenge of the 2007 Vernonia flood. Their testimonies were tried and tested. They rose to the challenge, victorious as were our pioneers ancestors.
I hope I have inspired readers to prayerfully look at what you have put away for emergencies and what needs to be done yet and begin again gathering and organizing.
I leave you my testimony that Christ is here with us through all the disasters that come our way, but he expects us to do our share. Let’s gather our families around us, make a plan, and get to work filling in those things that need completing. A feeling of peace and comfort will abide with you and your loved ones as you work toward being completely prepared.

Sister Terry Grosnick,  previous member of the Vernonia Branch.

To learn more about emergency preparedness, click here

Wills, Living Wills & Resources – How to Write a Will That Is Legally Binding



by Bruce Humberstone

Recently the Rocky Butte Ward held a workshop designed to help attendees gain a basic understanding of will making and to help them become aware of the care that must be exercised in order to have some assurance that their property will be distributed, after their death, according to their wishes. This article is a brief summary of the information presented in the workshop.

Having a will is one of the most important things you can do for yourself and your family. A will can smooth the way in the legal matters facing your heirs, especially your spouse and children, as they deal with the transfer of ownership of your property after you die. With a valid will you can direct exactly how you would like things handled after your death. Making a will is a responsibility that comes with a commitment to intelligent and provident living.
In Oregon, any person eighteen (18) years of age, or a minor lawfully married, and of sound mind may make a Will. See: Oregon Revised Statutes, § 112.225. “Sound mind” generally means someone who has not been deemed incompetent in a prior legal proceeding.
There are five essentials to a valid will in Oregon.

(1) The testator (the person making the will) must type or print the will. Oregon law does not provide for a will written by hand (a “holographic” will).

(2) The testator must sign the will in the presence of each of at least two witnesses.

(3) The witnesses must each see the testator sign the will, or hear the testator tell them that the signature on the will is the testator’s (acknowledges the signature).

(4) If the testator signed the will out of the presence of the witnesses, the will must be before the witnesses at the time the testator acknowledges the signature.

(5) The witnesses must then attest the will by signing their names to it. See Oregon Revised Statutes, §112.235. In some states a witness may not be a beneficiary under the will. Not so in Oregon. See Oregon Revised Statutes, §112.245. It may still be a good idea to have disinterested witnesses.

To be sure there is no question as to whether the will was signed and witnessed (executed) properly, the signature page of the will should spell out that the testator and the witnesses were in the presence of the each other when the will was executed.
The signatures of the witnesses on the will need not be notarized, but it is advisable to have the witnesses sign an affidavit proving that they are the witnesses to the will. An affidavit is a written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation for use as evidence in court. The affidavit should be attached to the will. After your death the will and the affidavit should be filed with the petition for probate. If the affidavit is not filed one of your witnesses may have to appear in court during the probate process to prove your will.
Some people choose not to make a will, or procrastinate doing so. Not having a will is not a good choice. Without your will your surviving spouse may not get your entire estate after your death. If one of your surviving issue (living descendants) is not issue of your surviving spouse, your spouse would only get half of your estate under Oregon law. If you do not have a valid will at the time of your death you will be forfeiting your right to chose who would be administrator or personal representative of your estate and who would be the guardian of your children, if such is needed. The State of Oregon would make those choices for you.
If you decide to make a will, you could try to write it yourself. If you follow the legal requirements your will can be admitted to probate. Probate is the courtsupervised process of gathering a deceased person’s assets and distributing them to creditors and inheritors. Probate in Oregon is not as costly or time-consuming compared as it is some other states.
You could use an online will making service or an inexpensive will-kit available at office supply or printing stores, however online services and will-kits may not cover all your estate planning needs. They may be satisfactory for individuals with simple lives and family circumstances or with couples with no children. They would not be satisfactory if you have children from prior relationships, if you do not want to leave things equally to your children, or if you have a special needs child.
If you make a will by yourself, it may be possible to get an attorney to review the will and tell you whether it can be properly executed as drafted. The attorney may also give you advice on other issues raised by the way the will has been written. Many mistakes with do-it-yourself wills involve the way these documents are signed and witnessed. After consultation with an attorney you will still be responsible for the proper execution of the will.
After careful consideration of your circumstances you may decide you need to actually hire an attorney to draft the will and direct its execution. With the technology available to attorneys today, an attorney should be able to meet with you, prepare a simple will and walk you and your witnesses through the proper execution of the will quickly. If your circumstances call for the creation of a trust or other special provisions, the work will likely require more attorney time.

You may be able to get limited free or low cost legal help. As of June 10, 2016, the following resources for legal assistance may be available to you.

Legal Aid Services of Oregon (LASO)

520 SW Sixth Avenue, Suite 700 Portland, OR 97205 General

Phone: (503) 224-4086


Counties Served: Clackamas, Multnomah, Washington

Case Types: Bankruptcy, Consumer, Domestic Violence, Elder Law, Housing, Public Benefits, Real Estate, Wills

Other Case Types: Other civil legal matters and general poverty law.

Case Restrictions: We are an LSC program, so all of those restrictions apply including income and citizenship status.

LASO Web Site, click here

Senior Law Project.

The Senior Law Project (SLP) began in 1978 and is the VLP’s largest project, with over 25 legal clinics per month. Volunteer lawyers meet with clients who are 60 or over (or who are married to someone 60 or over) at nine senior center locations in Multnomah County. They provide 30-minute consultations, on any civil legal issues, for up to six clients per clinic. All clients 60 or over are eligible for free 30-minute consultations, regardless of their income. SLP volunteers provide continuing pro bono services for only those clients who meet VLP financial eligibility requirements. The VLP sponsors a monthly Elder Law Discussion Group to provide information and support.

Click here for more information…

Legal Aid Night Clinic

LASO co-sponsors this evening clinic with Stoel Rives, LLP and Dunn Carney LLP. Clinics are held on the 2nd and 4th Thursday of the month from 5:30 – 7:30 p.m at the Standard Insurance Building (downtown Portland). Volunteer attorneys from the two participating law firms screen the cases and provide continuing legal representation to clients with meritorious cases. Two volunteer attorneys are scheduled for each clinic and each attorney meets with up to four clients per clinic. The following issues are referred: consumer law, small claims advice, criminal record expungements, landlord/tenant damage claims, estate planning [includes wills], and uncontested guardianships.

Oregon Law Center Pro Bono Program

Primary Address: 522 SW 5th Ave, Ste 812 Portland, OR 97204 General Phone: 503-295-2760 Fax: 503-295-0676

Counties Served: Clackamas, Multnomah, Washington

Case Types: Consumer, Employment, Housing, Real Estate, Torts, Wills

Other Case Types: Expungements, Insurance disputes, licenses, taxes.

Case Restrictions: Must meet 125% of fed. poverty level.

Click here to visit the website..

Oregon State Bar (OSB)

The OSB Lawyer Referral Service consists of a referral to a local attorney and a 30 minute consultation with the attorney for a $35 fee. The Lawyer Referral service can also provide assistance helping you determine what kind of legal assistance you might need and organizations that may be able to help.

The Modest Means Program offers reduced-rate legal assistance to modest-income Oregonians involved in family law, criminal defense, foreclosure, and landlord/tenant issues. The program application is available at the OSB website.

The Military Assistance Panel is a program geared towards matching deployed service members and their dependents with lawyers who provide up to 2 hours of free legal advice.

The Problem Solvers program provides 30 minutes of free legal information and advice to children and young adults ages 13 to 17. Hours: 8 am to 5 pm Monday-Friday

Phone: 503-684-3763 or toll-free in Oregon at 800-452-7636.

Click here to access the website

Specific Links For additional help:

Probono Net, click here

Oregon State Bar, click here

Senior law project clinics:

YWCA/ East County
600 NE 8th St, Room 100
Gresham, OR  97030
(503) 721.6771
2nd & 4th Fridays 1 – 4 pm

Neighborhood House (Downtown)
1032 SW Main St.
Portland, OR 97205
(503) 295-0044
2nd & 4th Thursdays 1 – 4 pm

Friendly House
2617 NW Savier St.
Portland, OR  97209
(503) 224-2640
1st & 3rd Thursdays 9 am – noon

Hollywood Senior Center
1820 NE 40th
Portland, OR  97212
(503) 288-8303
Fridays 9 am – noon

740 SE 106th
Portland, OR  97216
(971) 267-4049
Thursdays 1 – 4 pm

Neighborhood House (Southwest)
7688 SW Capitol Hwy
Portland, OR  97219
(503) 244-5204
2nd & 4th Tuesdays 9 am – noon

North Senior Services
9009 N. Foss
Portland, OR  97217
(503) 288-8303
1st 7 3rd Tuesdays 9 am – noon

Impact NW SE Portland
4610 SE Belmont
Portland, OR  97215
(503) 721.6760
Wednesdays 10 am – 1 pm

Urban League Multi-Cultural Senior Center
5325 NE MLK Blvd
Portland, OR  97211
(503) 280-2600
2nd, 3rd 4th Tuesdays 1-4 pm


What You Should know About Electrical Safety

Electrical hazards can cause burns, shocks and electrocution. Here are some resources on electrical safety you might find helpful.

Downed Power Lines

What to Do If You See a Downed Power Line

Never, ever touch a downed power line or go near one. Power lines are not insulated like power cords. Always assume the power line is live. Read more

Electrical Safety – Basic Information

Utility Shut-Off: Electricity

Electrical sparks have the potential of igniting natural gas if it is leaking. It is wise to teach all responsible household members where and how to shut off the electricity.

Locate you electrical circuit box. For your safety, always shut off all the individual circuits before shutting off the main circuit. Read more 

There are handouts about electrical fire safety available on the FEMA website.

Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Electrical Safety

Each year, thousands of people in the United States are critically injured and electrocuted as a result of electrical fires, accidents, electrocution in their own homes.

The current economic downturn has inspired more homeowners to tackle do-it-yourself projects than ever before. Faced with declining home values and aging properties, homeowners may choose not to pay for the services of a licensed electrician.

However, most do not have the training or experience needed to safely perform home electrical work, increasing the risk of immediate injuries and electrocutions and potentially introducing new dangers into the home. Read more

How to Work with Electricity Safely

If you don’t know how to work with electricity safely, you can injure or kill yourself. Following basic electrical safety tips is crucial — after all, you never know who worked on the wiring before you. Read more

Electrical & Lighting How to’s

To learn more, click here…

Electric Generator Safety

Never use a generator indoors or in an attached garage.

A portable generator is an internal combustion engine that exhausts a deadly gas called carbon monoxide or CO. CO is odorless and colorless, and you can be overcome if the generator is indoors.

Be sure to place the generator outside where exhaust fumes will not enter into enclosed spaces. Only operate a generator outdoors in a well-ventilated, dry area, away from air intakes to the home. The generator should be protected from direct exposure to rain and snow. Read more

Electric Vehicle Safety Training

NFPA’s Electric Vehicle Safety Training project is a nationwide program to help firefighters and other emergency responders prepare for the growing number of electric vehicles on the road in the United States. See NFPA’s online resources including research, articles, newsletters, interim guidance, and videos.

NFPA is collecting safety information from hybrid and electric vehicle manufacturers. To access these documents, visit our manufacturer web pages, click here

 Electrical Safety for Children


Using Electricity the Right Way, What Your Children Should Know

Teach your children these 10 rules for electric safety, click here…

Switched On Kids is a site that teaches children about electricity safety.

Tamper Resistant Receptacles (TRRs): Prevent Shocks and Burns

Each year, approximately 2,400 children suffer severe shock and burns when they stick items into the slots of electrical receptacles – that is nearly seven children a day.  It is estimated that there are six to 12 fatalities a year related to this.  Nearly one-third of these injuries are the result of small children placing ordinary household objects, such as keys, pins, or paper clips into the outlets with disastrous consequences. Read more

Photos from the public domain

Testimony to a Creator

Handiwork of perfect Artist gif

We can draw three lessons from nature’s grandeur: first, God exists; second, God is powerful; and third, God loves us. One way we can feel a surety of the Creator’s existence is to observe His handiwork. While it is the Holy Spirit that conveys such a testimony to our hearts, we may first prepare our hearts to receive it. A marvelous way to do this is to gaze into a star-filled sky on a moonless night or at the intricate patterns on the back of a single maple leaf. As Alma taught, “All things denote there is a God; yea, even the earth, and all things that are upon the face of it, yea, and its motion, yea, and also all the planets which move in their regular form do witness that there is a Supreme Creator” (Alma 30:44).

The Wonder of the Creation by Mark J. Nielsen

What are some things that tell you there is a God?

Read answers contributed by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. click here

Never lose an opportunity of seeing anything beautiful, for beauty is God’s handwriting.

~Ralph Waldo Emerson

View more animated quotes, click here…



Water Storage – Q & A

WATER STORAGE animated gif ldsintelligentliving.org3

We encourage all of you to make it a priority to have

a two weeks supply of water in your home.

Having an ample supply of safe, clean, purified water is a top priority in an emergency.

For more information, visit these sites:

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

National Terror Alert

LDS Service Quotes


Service Brings Joy

“To find real happiness, we must seek for it in a focus outside ourselves,” President Thomas S. Monson teaches. “No one has learned the meaning of living until he has surrendered his ego to the service of his fellow man. Service to others is akin to duty, the fulfillment of which brings true joy.” As we look heavenward, President Monson says we will inevitably learn of our responsibility to reach outward.

 Reach Outward

“We do not live alone—in our city, our nation, or our world,” President Monson says. “There is no dividing line between our prosperity and our neighbor’s wretchedness.  ‘Love thy neighbor’ is more than a divine truth. It is a pattern for perfection. This truth inspires the familiar charge, ‘Go forth to serve.’  Try as some of us may, we cannot escape the influence our lives have upon the lives of others. Ours is the opportunity to build, to lift, to inspire, and indeed to lead. The New Testament teaches that it is impossible to take a right attitude toward Christ without taking an unselfish attitude toward men.” President Monson encourages Latter-day Saints to “reach outward. … Membership in the Church calls forth a determination to serve. A position of responsibility may not be of recognized importance, nor may the reward be broadly known. Service, to be acceptable to the Savior, must come from willing minds, ready hands, and pledged hearts.”

 Thomas S. MonsonService Brings Joy”

He also calls upon all people to follow the example of Jesus Christ. “The Savior taught His disciples, ‘For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: but whosoever will lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it.’ “I believe the Savior is telling us that unless we lose ourselves in service to others, there is little purpose to our own lives. Those who live only for themselves eventually shrivel up and figuratively lose their lives, while those who lose themselves in service to others grow and flourish—and in effect save their lives.”

Thomas S. Monson, “Becoming Our Best Selves”

“As we move toward the future, we must not neglect the lessons of the past. Our Heavenly Father gave His Son. The Son of God gave His life. We are asked by Them to give our lives, as it were, in Their divine service. Will you? Will I? Will we? There are lessons to be taught, there are kind deeds to be done, there are souls to be saved.”

Thomas S. Monson, “Formula for Success” 

“May I share with you a formula that in my judgment will help you and help me to journey well through mortality… First, fill your mind with truth; second, fill your life with service; and third, fill your heart with love.”

Thomas S. Monson, Ensign, May 1994, 62

“Service, to be acceptable to the Savior, must come from willing minds, ready hands, and pledged hearts.”

Thomas S. Monson,“Finding Peace”

Our Feet Must Be Firmly Planted in the Path of Service

“Occasionally discouragement may darken our pathway; frustration may be a constant companion. In our ears there may sound the sophistry of Satan as he whispers, “You cannot save the world; your small efforts are meaningless. You haven’t time to be concerned for others.” Trusting in the Lord, let us turn our heads from such falsehoods and make certain our feet are firmly planted in the path of service and our hearts and souls dedicated to follow the example of the Lord.”

Thomas S. Monson, “Do Your Duty-That Is Best”

“Miracles are everywhere to be found when priesthood callings are magnified. When faith replaces doubt, when selfless service eliminates selfish striving, the power of God brings to pass His purposes. The priesthood is not really so much a gift as it is a commission to serve, a privilege to lift, and an opportunity to bless the lives of others.”

Thomas S. Monson, “Anxiously Engaged”

“My brethren of the priesthood, the task is ours. Let us remember and never forget, however, that such an undertaking is not insurmountable. Miracles are everywhere to be seen when priesthood callings are magnified. When faith replaces doubt, when selfless service eliminates selfish striving, the power of God brings to pass His purposes. We are on the Lord’s errand. We are entitled to the Lord’s help”

Thomas S. Monson, “What Have I Done for Someone Today?”

SERVING 2 animated gif


Dieter F. Uchtdorf, “Point of Safe Return”

The Joy of Forgiveness

“Each of us is under a divinely spoken obligation to reach out with pardon and mercy and to forgive one another. There is a great need for this Christlike attribute in our families, in our marriages, in our wards and stakes, in our communities, and in our nations. We will receive the joy of forgiveness in our own lives when we are willing to extend that joy freely to others. Lip service is not enough. We need to purge our hearts and minds of feelings and thoughts of bitterness and let the light and the love of Christ enter in. As a result, the Spirit of the Lord will fill our souls with the joy accompanying divine peace of conscience.”

Dieter F. Uchtdorf ” Waiting on the Road to Damascus”

“Often, the answer to our prayer does not come while we’re on our knees but while we’re on our feet serving the Lord and serving those around us. Selfless acts of service and consecration refine our spirits, remove the scales from our spiritual eyes, and open the windows of heaven. By becoming the answer to someone’s prayer, we often find the answer to our own.”

Richard G. Scott, “Happiness Now and Forever”

Salvation Is an Eternal Goal

“Salvation is an eternal goal we gain by a process of constant upward change. Doubt is spiritual poison that stunts eternal growth. We must first feel our way before we can see it with any clarity. We prove ourselves by making numerous correct decisions without being absolutely sure; then comes a greater knowledge and assurance, not before. Happiness is created. Love is its center. Its principal ingredients are sincere faith, true repentance, full obedience, and selfless service.”

James E. Faust, “You Are All Heaven Sent”

“No matter what circumstances you sisters experience, your influence can be marvelously far-reaching. I believe some of you have a tendency to underestimate your profound capacity for blessing the lives of others. More often than not, it is not on the stage with some public pronouncement but in your example of righteousness and the countless gentle acts of love and kindness done so willingly, so often on a one-to-one basis.”

James E. Faust, “A Pattern of Love”

Seek to Overcome Selfishness

“At the heart of the message of the Savior of the world is a single, glorious, wonderful, still largely untried concept. In its simplest terms the message is that we should seek to overcome the selfishness we all seem to be born with, that we should overcome human nature and think of others before self.”

Spencer W. Kimball Speaks Out on Service to Others

It is by Serving that We Learn to Serve

“Service to others deepens and sweetens this life while we are preparing to live in a better world. It is by serving that we learn to serve. When we are engaged in the service of our fellowmen, not only do our deeds assist them, but we put our own problems in a fresher perspective. When we concern ourselves more with others, there is less time to be concerned with ourselves! In the midst of the miracle of serving, there is the promise of Jesus that by losing ourselves, we find ourselves!”

“Unless the way we live draws us closer to our Heavenly Father and to our fellow men, there will be an enormous emptiness in our lives. God does notice us and watches over us, but it is usually through another person that He meets our needs. Therefore it is vital that we serve each other.”

L. Tom Perry, “What Is a Quorum?”

Serve in Righteousness

“May God bless each of us in our calls to serve. May our faith strengthen as we serve in righteousness, faithfully keeping the commandments. May our testimonies ever grow stronger as we seek to find the fountain of eternal truth. May the brotherhood that exists in our quorum be of comfort and strength and security as we pass through this mortal part of our existence. May the joy of gospel service ever abide in our hearts as we go forward to fulfill our duties and responsibilities as servants in our Father in Heaven’s kingdom.”

Merrill J. Bateman, “Living a Christ-Centered Life”

“Through service to others, we develop a Christlike love and we experience joy. Service teaches patience and long-suffering as well as gentleness, goodness, and faith.”

Joseph Smith, History of the Church, Vol. 4, pg. 227

A Man Full of Love

“A man who is full of the love of God is not content with blessing his family only, but thinks about all of the people in the world, anxious to bless the whole human race.”

Ezra Taft Benson, “A Mighty Change of Heart”

Quiet Lives of Goodness, Service, and Commitment

“…we must be careful, as we seek to become more and more godlike, that we do not become discouraged and lose hope. Becoming Christlike is a lifetime pursuit and very often involves growth and change that is slow, almost imperceptible. The scriptures record remarkable accounts of men whose lives changed dramatically, in an instant… But we must be cautious as we discuss these remarkable examples. Though they are real and powerful, they are the exception more than the rule. For every Paul, for every Enos, and for every King Lamoni, there are hundreds and thousands of people who find the process of repentance much more subtle, much more imperceptible. Day by day they move closer to the Lord, little realizing they are building a godlike life. They live quiet lives of goodness, service, and commitment. They are like the Lamanites, who the Lord said “were baptized with fire and with the Holy Ghost, and they knew it not.” (3 Ne. 9:20; italics added.)”


Elder Dallin H. Oaks, “Unselfish Service”

Follow Him

“Our Savior gave Himself in unselfish service. He taught that each of us should follow Him by denying ourselves of selfish interests in order to serve others.”

Derek A. Cuthbert, “The Spirituality of Service”

“Service changes people. It refines, purifies, gives a finer perspective, and brings out the best in each one of us. It gets us looking outward instead of inward. Righteous service is the expression of true charity, such as the Savior showed.”

Neal A. Maxwell, “All These Things Shall Give thee Experience”

“The less love, the less service.”

Marvin J. Ashton, “We Serve That Which We Love”

“Day-to-day acts of service, whether for good or evil, may not seem important, but they are building cords of love that become so strong they can seldom be broken. Ours is to place our areas of love in proper perspective. Meaningful love always works for our eternal progress and not against it.”


Jeffrey R. Holland, “Prophets in the Land Again.”

The Lord Will Lead You to Those in Need

“As surely as the rescue of those in need was the general conference theme of October 1856, so too is it the theme of this conference and last conference and the one to come next spring. It may not be blizzards and frozen-earth burials that we face this conference, but the needy are still out there—the poor and the weary, the discouraged and downhearted, those “[falling] away into [the] forbidden paths” we mentioned earlier, and multitudes who are “kept from the truth because they know not where to find it.”6 They are all out there with feeble knees, hands that hang down,7 and bad weather setting in. They can be rescued only by those who have more and know more and can help more. And don’t worry about asking, “Where are they?” They are everywhere, on our right hand and on our left, in our neighborhoods and in the workplace, in every community and county and nation of this world. Take your team and wagon; load it with your love, your testimony, and a spiritual sack of flour; then drive in any direction. The Lord will lead you to those in need if you will but embrace the gospel of Jesus Christ that has been taught in this conference. Open your heart and your hand to those trapped in the twenty-first century’s equivalent of Martin’s Cove and Devil’s Gate. In doing so we honor the Master’s repeated plea on behalf of lost sheep and lost coins and lost souls.”

David S. Baxter, “Faith, Service, Constancy”

“The truth is that our only safety, our only security, our only hope is to hold fast to that which is good. As the mists of darkness gather around us, we are only lost if we choose to let go of the iron rod, which is the word of God.”

M. Russell Ballard, “Finding Joy though Loving Service”

Great Things Are Wrought Through Simple and Small Things

“Great things are wrought through simple and small things. Like the small flecks of gold that accumulate over time into a large treasure, our small and simple acts of kindness and service will accumulate into a life filled with love for Heavenly Father, devotion to the work of the Lord Jesus Christ, and a sense of peace and joy each time we reach out to one another.”

Robert D. Hales, “Gratitude for the Goodness of God”

“Gratitude is a state of appreciation, an act of thanksgiving, which causes us to be humble because we recognize an act of kindness, service, or caring from someone else which lifts us and strengthens us.”

N. Eldon Tanner, Conference Report, 4/67, pg. 104

Give of Yourself

“The most difficult thing for us seems to be to give of ourselves, to do away with selfishness. If we really love someone, nothing is a hardship.”

Russell M. Ballard; Ensign, November 1994, page 65

“Jesus Christ concluded His mortal ministry with the single most compassionate and significant service in the history of the world: the Atonement.”

Silvia H. Allred, “The Essence of Discipleship”

“The pure love of Christ is expressed as we give selfless service. Helping one another is a sanctifying experience which exalts the receiver and humbles the giver. It helps us become true disciples of Christ.”

J. Reuben Clark

There Is Joy in Service

“In the service of the Lord, it is not where you serve, but how.”

Carlos H. Amado, “Service, a Divine Quality”

“Service makes us strong in our faith and useful in His kingdom. Service gives us purpose and courage in life. It brings us closer to God and helps us refine our divine nature. It teaches us to love and understand our fellowmen, and it helps us forget about our personal desires, eliminating selfishness, pride, and ingratitude. It teaches us to think of the needs of others, which allows us to develop the virtues that the Savior possesses.”

 Cecil O. Samuelson Jr., “Perilous Times”

“When we begin to understand the magnitude of [the Messiah’s] sacrifice and service to us individually and collectively, we then cannot consider anything else to be of more importance or to approach His significance in our lives. “For most of us, this understanding does not come all at once and likely will not be fully complete during our mortal sojourn. We do know, however, that as we learn line upon line, our appreciation for the Savior’s contributions will increase and our knowledge and assurance of their truthfulness will grow.”

Bruce R. McConkie, “Obedience, Consecration, and Sacrifice”

We Are Under Covenant to Live the Law of Sacrifice

“We have made covenants so to do solemn, sacred, holy covenants, pledging ourselves before gods and angels. We are under covenant to live the law of obedience. We are under covenant to live the law of sacrifice. We are under covenant to live the law of consecration. It is our privilege to consecrate our time, talents, and means to build up his kingdom. We are called upon to sacrifice, in one degree or another, for the furtherance of his work. Obedience is essential to salvation; so, also, is service; and so, also, are consecration and sacrifice.”

Carlos H. Amado, “Service, a Divine Quality”

“Kindness, love, patience, understanding, and unity will increase as we serve, while intolerance, jealousy, envy, greed, and selfishness decrease or disappear. The more we give of ourselves, the more our capacity to serve, understand, and love will grow.”


Henry B. Eyring, “Going Home”

“Of all the times I have felt the promptings of the Spirit, they have come most forcefully and most surely when I was asking Heavenly Father what he would have me do for someone whom I loved and who I knew had a need.”

Preparedness & Self-Reliance Quotes – LDS Words of Wisdom


Thomas S. Monson

General Conference, Oct. 2008 Priesthood Session

“Many areas of the world have experienced difficult economic times. Businesses have failed, jobs have been lost, and investments have been jeopardized. We must make certain that those for whom we share responsibility do not go hungry or unclothed or unsheltered. When the priesthood of this Church works together as one in meeting these vexing conditions, near miracles take place. “We urge all Latter-day Saints to be prudent in their planning, to be conservative in their living, and to avoid excessive or unnecessary debt. ”

 “That Noble Gift—Love at Home”

“Many more people could ride out the storm-tossed waves in their economic lives if they had their year’s supply of food … and were debt-free. Today we find that many have followed this counsel in reverse: they have at least a year’s supply of debt and are food-free.”

“Models to Follow”

“Noah heeded God’s command to build an ark…that they might be saved from the flood waters. Yet there was no evidence of rain and flood. His actions were considered irrational. The sun was shining and life moved forward as usual. But time ran out. The floods came, the disobedient were drowned. When God speaks and we obey, we will always be right.”

“True to the Faith” 

“Avoid the philosophy that yesterday’s luxuries have become today’s necessities. They aren’t necessities until we make them so. Many enter into long-term debt only to find that changes occur; people become ill or incapacitated, companies fail or downsize, jobs are lost, natural disasters befall us. For many reasons, payments on large amounts of debt can no longer be made. Our debt becomes as a Damocles sword hanging over our heads and threatening to destroy us.”

“Guiding Principals of Personal and Family Welfare”

“Recent surveys of Church members have shown a serious erosion in the number of families who have a year’s supply of life’s necessities. Most members plan to do it. Too few have begun. . . . It is our sacred duty to care for our families, including our extended families.”



 Gordon B. Hinckley

“To the Boys and to the Men”

“There is a portent of stormy weather ahead to which we had better give heed…No one knows when emergencies will strike…Set your houses in order. If you have paid your debts, if you have a reserve, even though it be small, then should storms howl about your head, you will have shelter for your wife and children and peace in your hearts. That’s all I have to say about it, but I wish to say it with all the emphasis of which I am capable.”

…”And there shall arise after them seven years of famine … And God will shortly bring it to pass.’ Now brethren, I want to make it very clear that I am not prophesying, that I am not predicting years of famine in the future. But, I am suggesting that the time has come to get our houses in order … avoid debt to the extent possible. Pay off debt as quickly as you can, and free yourselves from bondage… There is a portent of stormy weather ahead to which we had better give head. We are carrying a message of self reliance throughout the Church… I urge you brethren to look to the condition of our finances…”

“To Men of the Priesthood”

“Everyone who owns a home recognizes the need for fire insurance. We hope and pray that there will never be a fire. Nevertheless, we pay for insurance to cover such a catastrophe, should it occur. We ought to do the same with reference to family welfare.”

The best place to have some food set aside is within our homes, together with a little money in savings.  The best welfare program is our own welfare program. Five or six cans of wheat in the home are better than a bushel in the welfare granary. … We can begin with a one week’s food supply and gradually build it to a month, and then to three months.  I am speaking now of food to cover basic needs.”

“Sin Will Not Prevail” 

“The kingdom of heaven and the kingdom of God on the earth will be combined together at Christ’s coming – and that time is not far distant. How I wish we could get the vision of this work, the genius of it, and realize the nearness of that great event. I am sure it would have a sobering effect upon us if we realized what is before us.”

“The Times in Which We Live”

“As we have been continuously counseled for more than 60 years, let us have some food set aside that would sustain us for a time in case of need. But let us not panic nor go to extremes. Let us be prudent in every respect. And, above all, my brothers and sisters, let us move forward with faith in the Living God and His Beloved Son”

…”Peace is fragile, civilization itself is fragile. The economy is particularly vulnerable…”I do not know what the future holds. I do not wish to sound negative, but I wish to remind you of the warnings of scripture and the teachings of the prophets which we have had constantly before us. I cannot forget the great lesson of Pharaoh’s dream of the fat and lean kine and of the full and withered stalks of corn. I cannot dismiss from my mind the grim warnings of the Lord as set forth in the 24th chapter of Matthew. I am familiar, as are you, with the declarations of modern revelation that the time will come when the earth will be cleansed and there will be indescribable distress, with weeping and mourning and lamentation. . . . Now, I do not wish to be an alarmist. I do not wish to be a prophet of doom. I am optimistic. I do not believe the time is here when an all-consuming calamity will overtake us. I earnestly pray that it may not. “As we have been continuously counseled for more than 60 years, let us have some food set aside that would sustain us for a time in case of need. But let us not panic nor go to extremes. Let us be prudent in every respect. And, above all, my brothers and sisters, let us move forward with faith in the Living God and His Beloved Son…

Conference Report, October 1936

When the Church welfare program was first announced in 1936, the First Presidency made this statement:

“Our primary purpose was to set up, insofar as possible, a system under which the curse of idleness would be done away with, the evils of the dole abolished, and independence, industry, thrift, and self-respect be once more established amongst our people. The aim of the Church is to help people to help themselves. Work is to be re-enthroned as a ruling principle in the lives of our Church membership.”


Henry B. Eyring

“Spiritual Preparedness: Start Early and Be Steady”

But there is another even more important preparation we must make for tests that are certain to come to each of us.  That preparation must be started far in advance because it takes time.  What we will need then can’t be bought.  It can’t be borrowed.  It doesn’t store well.  And it has to have been used regularly and recently. What we will need in our day of testing is a spiritual preparation.  It is to have developed faith in Jesus Christ so powerful that we can pass the test of life upon which everything for us in eternity depends. …So, the great test of life is to see whether we will hearken to and obey God’s commands in the midst of the storms of life. It is not to endure storms, but to choose the right while they rage. …However much faith to obey God we now have, we will need to strengthen it continually and keep it refreshed constantly.  We can do that by deciding now to be more quick to obey and more determined to endure.  Learning to start early and to be steady are the keys to spiritual preparation.  Procrastination and inconsistency are its mortal enemies.

“The great test of life is to see whether we will hearken to and obey God’s commands in the midst of the storms of life.”

The welfare handbook instructs, “(We must) earnestly teach and urge members to be self-sustaining to the fullest extent of their power. No Latter-day Saint will … voluntarily shift from himself the burden of his own support. So long as he can, under the inspiration of the Almighty and with his own labors, he will supply himself with the necessities of life.” (1952, p. 2.)

Boyd K. Packer

 “Self-reliance”, from a fireside address delivered at Brigham Young University, May 2, 1975

I have become very anxious over the amount of counseling that we seem to need in the Church, and the network of counseling services that we keep building up—without once emphasizing the principle of self-reliance as it is understood in the welfare program. There are too many in the Church who seem to be totally dependent, emotionally and spiritually, upon others. They subsist on some kind of emotional welfare. They are unwilling to sustain themselves. They become so dependent that they endlessly need to be shored up, lifted up, endlessly need encouragement, and they contribute little of their own.

I have been concerned that we may be on the verge of doing to ourselves emotionally (and therefore spiritually) what we have been working so hard for generations to avoid materially. If we lose our emotional and spiritual self-reliance, we can be weakened quite as much, perhaps even more, than when we become dependent materially. On one hand, we counsel bishops to avoid abuses in the Church welfare program. On the other hand, we seem to dole out counsel and advice without the slightest thought that the member should solve the problem himself or turn to his family. Only when those resources are inadequate should he turn to the Church.

We recognize at once that it would be folly to develop welfare production projects to totally sustain all of the members of the Church in every material need. We ought likewise to be very thoughtful before we develop a vast network of counseling programs with all of the bishops and branch presidents and everyone else doling out counsel in an effort to totally sustain our members in every emotional need.

If we are not careful we can lose the power of individual revelation. The Lord said to Oliver Cowdery, and it has meaning for all of us:

“Behold, you have not understood; you have supposed that I would give it unto you, when you took no thought save it was to ask me.

“But, behold, I say unto you, that you must study it out in your mind; then you must ask me if it be right, and if it is right I will cause that your bosom shall burn within you; therefore, you shall feel that it is right.

“But if it be not right you shall have no such feelings, but you shall have a stupor of thought that shall cause you to forget the thing which is wrong.” D&C 9: 7–9

scriptures Has it occurred to you that many problems can be solved by reading the scriptures? We should all personally be familiar with the revelations. As part of your emotional self-reliance, read the scriptures.

Marion G. Romney

Conference Reports, April 1975, p. 165

I do not want to be a calamity howler.  I don’t know in detail what’s going to happen in the future.  I know what the prophets have predicted.  But I tell you that the welfare program, organized to enable us to take care of our own needs, has not yet performed the function that it was set up to perform.  We will see the day when we live on what we produce.”

“The Celestial Nature of Self-Reliance”

“We lose our life by serving and lifting others, this is the way to experience the only true and lasting happiness. Service is not something we endure on this earth so we can earn the right to live in the celestial kingdom. Service is the very fiber of which an exalted life in the celestial kingdom is made. Can we see how critical self-reliance becomes when looked upon as the prerequisite to service, when we also know service is what godhood is all about? Without self-reliance one cannot exercise these innate desires to serve. How can we give if there is nothing there? Food for the hungry cannot come from an empty purse. Support and understanding cannot come from the emotionally starved. Teaching cannot come from the unlearned. And most important of all, spiritual guidance cannot come from the weak.”

“Church Welfare Services’ Basic Principles,” Ensign, May 1976

“My faith does not lead me,” President Young continued, “to think the Lord will provide us with roast pigs, bread already buttered, etc.; he will give us the ability to raise the grain, to obtain the fruits of the earth, to make habitations, to procure a few boards to make a box, and when harvest comes, giving us the grain, it is for us to preserve it – to save the wheat until we have one, two, five, or seven years’ provisions on hand, until there is enough of the staff of life saved by the people to bread themselves and those who will come here seeking for safety. . . .  [The fulfillment of that prophecy is yet in the future.] “Ye Latter-day Saints, learn to sustain yourselves. . . . “Implied faith and confidence in God is for you and me to do everything we can to sustain and preserve ourselves. . . . “You have learned a good deal, it is true; but learn more; learn to sustain yourselves; lay up grain and flour, and save it against a day of scarcity. . . . “Instead of searching after what the Lord is going to do for us, let us inquire what we can do for ourselves.” Discourses of Brigham Young, Deseret Book, 1966 ed., pp. 291–93)


 Dallin H. Oaks

 “Preparation for the Second Coming,” 

We need to make both temporal and spiritual preparation for the events prophesied at the time of the Second Coming. And the preparation most likely to be neglected is the one less visible and more difficult—the spiritual. A 72-hour kit of temporal supplies may prove valuable for earthly challenges, but, as the foolish virgins learned to their sorrow, a 24-hour kit of spiritual preparation is of greater and more enduring value. We are living in the prophesied time “when peace shall be taken from the earth” (D&C 1:35), when “all things shall be in commotion” and “men’s hearts shall fail them” (D&C 88:91). There are many temporal causes of commotion, including wars and natural disasters, but an even greater cause of current “commotion” is spiritual.

10 virgins animated gif1

D&C 6:34, 36

“Fear not little flock; do good; let earth and hell combine against you, for if ye are built upon my rock, they cannot prevail. . .Look unto me in every thought; doubt not, fear not.”


 George A. Smith

Journal of Discourses, vol. 12, p. 142.

“How on the face of the earth could a man enjoy his religion, when he had been told by the Lord how to prepare for a day of famine, when, instead of doing so, he had fooled away that which would have sustained him and his family.”

Conference Report, Apr. 1945, 136 – Teachings of Presidents of the Church, George Albert Smith, p. 60

I know of nothing of great importance that has happened in the world that the Lord through his prophets has not advised the people of beforehand, so that they have not been left in ignorance of what was to develop, but could plan their lives, if they would, to their advantage. . . . The case of Noah is in point. He was commanded of the Lord to build an ark in which the righteous might be preserved from the flood which was to come.  Noah built the ark and preached repentance to his generation for a period of one hundred and twenty years, thus fully warning them. The people, however, were so wicked that they failed to heed the warning.  Having their agency, they chose evil rather than righteousness.  The rains descended, and the floods came, and only Noah and his family of eight souls were saved.  All had been fully warned, but because of their wilfulness and their refusal to repent they were drowned. See Moses 8:13–30.


 Spencer W. Kimball

Conference Report Oct. 1977

“No true Latter-Day Saint, while physically or emotionally able will voluntarily shift the burden of his own or his family’s well-being to someone else. So long as he can, under the inspiration of the Lord and with his own labors, he will supply himself and his family with the spiritual and temporal necessities of life.”

The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, p.375

“Maintain a year’s supply. The Lord has urged that his people save for the rainy days, prepare for the difficult times, and put away for emergencies, a year’s supply or more of bare necessities so that when comes the flood, the earthquake, the famine, the hurricane, the storms of life, our families can be sustained through the dark days. How many of us have complied with this? We strive with the Lord, finding many excuses: We do not have room for storage. The food spoils. We do not have the funds to do it. We do not like these common foods. It is not needed — there will always be someone to help in trouble. The government will come to the rescue. And some intend to obey but procrastinate.”

Conference Report, Apr. 1976, 170

“Consider the important (food storage) program which we must never forget nor put in the background. As we become more affluent and our bank accounts enlarge, there comes a feeling of security, and we feel sometimes that we do not need the supply that has been suggested by the Brethren. . . . We must remember that conditions could change and a year’s supply of basic commodities could be very much appreciated by us or others. So we would do well to listen to what we have been told and to follow it explicitly”

General Conference, April 1974, pp. 184–85

“The little gardens and the few trees are very valuable. I remember when the sisters used to say, ‘Well, but we could buy it at the store a lot cheaper than we can put it up.’ But that isn’t quite the answer, is it, Sister Spafford? Because there will come a time when there isn’t a store. I remember long years ago that I asked a very prominent grocer who had a chain of grocery stores, ‘How long would your supply of groceries last if you did not have trucks to bring in new supplies?’ And he said, ‘Maybe we could stretch it out two weeks from our storehouses and from our supplies.’ People could get awfully hungry after two weeks were over”

“Family Preparedness”

“We encourage families to have on hand this year’s supply; we say it over and over and over and repeat over and over the scripture of the Lord where he says, “Why call ye me, Lord, Lord and do not the things which I say?” How empty it is as they put their spirituality, so-called, into action and call him by his important names, but fail to do the things which he says.”

…”We encourage you to grow all the food that you feasibly can on your own property. Berry bushes, grapevines, fruit trees—plant them if your climate is right for their growth. Grow vegetables and eat them from your own yards. Even those residing in apartments or condominiums can generally grow a little food in pots and planters. Study the best methods of providing your own foods. Make your garden neat and attractive as well as productive. If there are children in your home, involve them in the process with assigned responsibilities…Develop your skills in your home preservation and storage. We reaffirm the previous counsel the Church has always given, to acquire and maintain a year’s supply—a year’s supply of the basic commodities for us. We encourage families to have on hand this year’s supply; and we say it over and over and over and repeat over and over the scripture of the Lord where He says, ‘Why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?’ How empty it is as they put their spirituality, so-called, into action and call him by his important names, but fail to do the things which he says.

Spencer W. Kimball, August 1976

“We want you to be ready with your personal storehouses filled with at least a year’s supply. You don’t argue why it cannot be done; you just plan to organize and get it done.”

“Welfare Services: The Gospel in Action,” Ensign, November 1977

‘Provident living’. . . implies the [conserving] of our resources, the wise planning of financial matters, full provision for personal health, and adequate preparation for education and career development, giving appropriate attention to home production and storage as well as the development of emotional resiliency. . . . If we live wisely and providently, we will be as safe as in the palm of His hand.

“Family Preparedness,” 

Brethren and sisters, we’ve gathered here this morning to consider the important program which we must never forget nor put in the background.  As we become more affluent and our bank accounts enlarge, there comes a feeling of security, and we feel sometimes that we do not need the supply that has been suggested by the Brethren.  It lies there and deteriorates, we say.  And suppose it does?  We can reestablish it.  We must remember that conditions could change and a year’s supply of basic commodities could be very much appreciated by us or others.  So we would do well to listen to what we have been told and to follow it explicitly.

. . . There are some countries which prohibit savings or surpluses. We do not understand it, but it is true.  And we honor, obey, and sustain the laws of the country which is ours. (See A of F 1:12.)  Where it is permitted, though, which is most of the world, we should listen to the counsel of the Brethren and to the Lord.

Recognizing that the family is the basic unit of both the Church and society generally, we call upon Latter-day Saints everywhere to strengthen and beautify the home with renewed effort in these specific areas: food production, preservation, storage; the production and storage of nonfood items; fixup and cleanup of homes and surroundings. We wish to say another word about this in the next meeting. We encourage you to grow all the food that you feasibly can on your own property. Berry bushes, grapevines, fruit trees – plant them if your climate is right for their growth. Grow vegetables and eat them from your own yard.  Even those residing in apartments or condominiums can generally grow a little food in pots and planters.  Study the best methods of providing your own foods.  Make your garden as neat and attractive as well as productive.  If there are children in your home, involve them in the process with assigned responsibilities.

What President Romney has just said is basic. Children should learn to work. Parents should not spend their nights and days trying to find something to interest their children.  They should find something to occupy them and get them busy doing something that is worthwhile. Develop your skills in your home preservation and storage.  We reaffirm the previous counsel the Church has always given, to acquire and maintain a year’s supply – a year’s supply of the basic commodities for us.  And Brother Featherstone has pretty well outlined those commodities for us. Wherever possible, produce your nonfood necessities of life.  Improve your sewing skills; sew and mend clothing for your family.  All the girls want to learn to type, they all want to go to an office.  They don’t seem to want to sew anymore, and to plant and protect and renew the things that they use.  Develop handicraft skills as the sisters have told us, and make or build needed items.

We encourage families to have on hand this year’s supply; and we say it over and over and over and repeat over and over the scripture of the Lord where He says, “Why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?”  How empty it is as they put their spirituality, so-called, into action and call him by his important names, but fail to do the things which he says.

 Ezra Taft  Benson

General Conference, October 1980

“Will you be slack, brethren, and let the evil come upon us, when we forewarn you of the future events that are coming;… We are telling of what the prophets have said-of what the Lord has said to Joseph. Wake up now, wake up, O Israel, and lay up your grain and your stores. I tell you that there is trouble coming upon the world…” Heber C. Kimball (Journal of Discourses, vol. 4, p. 336-9)   “Too often we bask in our comfortable complacency and rationalize that the ravages of war, economic disaster, famine, and earthquake cannot happen here. Those who believe this are either not acquainted with the revelations of the Lord, or they do not believe them.” “Plan to build up your food supply just as you would a savings account… We urge you to do this prayerfully and do it now.”

“Prepare for the Days of Tribulations”

The Lord has warned and forewarned us against a day of great tribulation and given us counsel, through His Servants, on how we can be prepared for these difficult times. Have we heeded His counsel?”

…You do not need to go into debt . . . to obtain a year’s supply.  Plan to build up your food supply just as you would a savings account.  Save a little for storage each pay-check.  Can or bottle fruit and vegetables from your gardens and orchards.  Learn how to preserve food through drying and possibly freezing.  Make your storage a part of your budget.  Store seeds and have sufficient tools on hand to do the job.  If you are saving and planning for a second car or a TV set or some item which merely add to your comfort or pleasure, you may need to change your priorities.  We urge you to do this prayerfully and do it now. I speak with a feeling of great urgency.  I have seen what the days of tribulation can do to people.

…“More than ever before, we need to learn and apply the principles of economic self-reliance. We do not know when the crisis involving sickness or unemployment may affect our own circumstances. We do know that the Lord has decreed global calamities for the future and has warned and forewarned us to be prepared. For this reason the Brethren have repeatedly stressed a “back to basics” program for temporal and spiritual welfare.”

… “For over forty years, in a spirit of love, members of the Church have been counseled to be thrifty and self-reliant; to avoid debt; pay tithes and a generous fast offering; be industrious; and have sufficient food, clothing, and fuel on hand to last at least one year. Today there are compelling reasons to reemphasize this counsel.”

“Too often we bask in our comfortable complacency and rationalize that the ravages of war, economic disaster, famine, and earthquake … cannot happen here. Those who believe this are either not acquainted with the revelations of the Lord, or they do not believe them. Those who smugly think these calamities will not happen, that they will somehow be set aside because of the righteousness of the Saints, are deceived and will rue the day they harbored such a delusion. The Lord has warned and forewarned us against a day of great tribulation and given us counsel through His servants, on how we can be prepared for these difficult times. Have we heeded His counsel?”

Journal of Discourses, Vol. 5, p. 17

“For over 100 years we have been admonished to store up grain. ‘Remember the counsel that is given,’ said Elder Orson Hyde, ‘Store up all your grain, and take care of it!… And I tell you it is almost as necessary to have bread to sustain the body as it is to have food for the spirit.’

“Come Unto Christ”

Family preparedness has always been an essential welfare principle in perfecting the Saints.  Are each of us and our families following, where permitted, the long-standing counsel to have sufficient food, clothing, and, where possible, fuel on hand to last at least one year? President Ezra Taft Benson, General Conference, April 1988   “For the righteous, the gospel provides a warning before calamity, a program for the crises, refuge for each disaster… The Lord has warned us of famines, but the righteous will have listened to the prophets and stored at least one year’s supply of survival food…”

 Journal of Discourses 2: 207

“There is more salvation and security in wheat than in all the political schemes of the world.”

 “Prepare Ye”

In Matthew, chapter 24, we learn of ‘famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes,…’ (Matt 24:7) The Lord declared that these and other calamities shall occur. These particular prophecies seem not to be conditional. The Lord, with his foreknowledge, knows that they will happen. Some will come about through man’s manipulations; others through the forces of nature and nature’s God, but that they will come seeks certain. Prophecy is but history in reverse – a divine disclosure of future events.”

…”No man is truly free who is in financial bondage. ‘Think what you do when you run in debt’, said Benjamin Franklin, ‘you give another power over your liberty.'”

……”The revelation to store food may be as essential to our temporal salvation today as boarding the ark was to the people in the days of Noah.”

Conference Report, Oct. 1980

“No man is truly free who is in financial bondage. ‘Think what you do when you run in debt’, said Benjamin Franklin, ‘you give another power over your liberty.'” Ezra Taft Benson   “When the economies of nations fail, when famine and other disasters prevent people from buying food in stores, the Saints must be prepared to handle these emergencies.” The Teachings of Ezra Taft Benson, p. 264   “Those families will be fortunate who, in the last days, have an adequate supply of food because of their foresight and ability to produce their own.”

The First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Ezra Taft Benson, Gordon B. Hinckley, and Thomas S. Monson) June 24, 1988 in a letter to General Authorities and the following Priesthood leaders in the United States and Canada: Area Authorities (formerly Regional Reps.); Stake, Mission, and District Presidents; Bishops and Branch Presidents.

“We continue to encourage members to store sufficient food, clothing, and, where possible, fuel for at least one year. We have not laid down an exact formula for what should be stored. However, we suggest that members concentrate on essential foods that sustain life, such as grains, legumes, cooking oil, powdered milk, salt, sugar or honey, and water. Most families can achieve and maintain this basic level of preparedness. The decision to do more than this rests with the individual. We encourage you to follow this counsel with the assurance that a people prepared through obedience to the commandments of God need not fear.”

 Harold B. Lee

Welfare conference address, October 1, 1966

“Perhaps if we think not in terms of a year’s supply of what we ordinarily would use, and think more in terms of what it would take to keep us alive in case we didn’t have anything else to eat, that last would be very easy to put in storage for a year…just enough to keep us alive if we didn’t have anything else to eat. We wouldn’t get fat on it, but would live; and if you think in terms of that kind of annual storage rather than a whole year’s supply of everything that you are accustomed to eat which, in most cases, is utterly impossible for the average family, I think we will come nearer to what President Clark. advised us way back in 1937.”


Brigham Young

Journal of Discourses, Vol. 25, pp. 258-59; July 21, 1878

Do not forget, my brethren and sisters, the teachings you have heard, and which have been repeated in your hearing for so many years; I refer to the saving and storing of grain; for the day will come when you will see the wisdom of doing so, and when many of you will doubtless wish you had profited by it.  For I tell you that wars and desolation will cover the land, just as prophets have declared they would; and these are coming as plainly and as surely as the light comes in the morning, before the sun rises above the summit of yonder mountains, and before we see his rays.  So with the signs of the times at the present.  We have only to read the newspapers, and look abroad and see confusion, and see difficulties, war, and pestilence foreshadowing themselves over the land, and these things will come to pass as sure as the Lord has spoken it, and as sure as his servants have testified to these words.

Journal of Discourses, vol. 12, p. 244

“A great many have taken this counsel, and they are prepared…Who is deserving of praise? The persons who take care of themselves, or the ones who always trust in the great mercies of the Lord to take care of them? It is just as consistent to expect that the Lord will supply us with fruit when we do not plant the trees; or that, when we do not plow and sow and are saved the labor of harvesting, we should cry to the Lord to save us from want, as to ask Him to save us from the consequences of our own folly, disobedience and waste…”The Lord has said, ‘Gather and save the produce I put within your reach, and prepare against a day of want.”

Journal of Discourses, 18:127

There is another word of the Lord unto me, and which has been like fire shut up in my bosom for the last three months; that is, to call upon all the inhabitants of these mountains as far as I have an opportunity, to go to and lay up their grain, that they may have bread.  For the last three months I have not felt as if I could answer my own feelings, unless, at every meeting I have attended, I called upon the farmers to lay up their grain.  “Oh, yes,” say some, “Heber C. Kimball cried “famine, famine” for years and it has not come yet.”  Well, bless your soul there is more room for it to come.  “Who am I, saith the Lord, that I promise and do not fulfill?”  The day will come when if this people do not lay up their bread they will be sorry for it.  The Lord has felt after us in days past and gone by the visitations of crickets and grasshoppers time after time, and had it not been for His mercy we should have had famine upon our hands long before this.  It is the duty of the farmers in these mountains not to sell their grain, or to throw it away for a song, but to lay it up, or you will find that the day is not a great way off when you will need it.  That is the voice of the Lord to me, and it is the way I have felt for a good while, and I believe it is the same to my brethren.

Discourses of Brigham Young, p.298

“The time will come that gold will hold no comparison in value to a bushel of wheat.”

The First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in a letter to General Authorities; Area Authority Seventies; Stake, Mission, and District Presidents; Bishops and Branch Presidents January 20, 2002

“Church members can begin their home storage by storing the basic foods that would be required to keep them alive if they did not have anything else to eat. Depending on where members live, those basics might include water, wheat or other grains, legumes, salt, honey or sugar, powdered milk, and cooking oil.” … “When members have stored enough of these essentials to meet the needs of their family for one year, they may decide to add other items that they are accustomed to using day to day.” … “Families who do not have the resources to acquire a year’s supply can begin their storage by obtaining supplies to last for a few months. Members should be prudent and not panic or go to extremes in this effort.”

J. Reuben Clark, Jr.

Church News, November 21, 1953, p.4

“…when we really get into hard times, where food is scarce or there is none at all, and so with clothing and shelter, money may be no good for there may be nothing to buy, and you cannot eat money, you cannot get enough of it together to burn to keep you warm, and you cannot wear it.”

Church News, March 2, 1946

“If in 1936 we had told the Saints, ‘You would better prepare, because the time is coming when’ – remember, in 1936 the problem was money, – there was always enough to buy, but the problem today is something to buy, not money – if we had told you then that the time would come when you could not buy all the meat you wanted, and perhaps not any at times; that you could not get butter, and that you could not get sugar, and that you could not get clothing, and that the farmers could get no machinery, and so on down the whole list of things that you can not get now and that therefore you should prepare for a stormy day, we would have been laughed to scorn. But I say to you again, the advice then given is good today, and you would better prepare for the times ahead, that you may not be like the five foolish virgins with no oil in your lamps.”

Welfare conference address, October 1, 1966

“Let us avoid debt as we would avoid a plague…Let every head of every household see to it that he has on hand enough food and clothing, and, where possible, fuel also, for at least a year ahead…Let every head of household aim to own his own home, free from mortgage. Let us again clothe ourselves with these proved and sterling virtues–honesty, truthfulness, chastity, sobriety, temperance, industry, and thrift; let us discard all covetousness and greed.”


James E. Faust

An Untroubled Faith

“We should ask ourselves; What are the Brethren saying? The living prophets can open the visions of eternity; they give counsel on how to overcome the world. We cannot know that counsel if we do not listen. We cannot receive the blessings we are promised if we do not follow the counsel given”

“The Responsibility for Welfare Rests with Me and My Family

“The counsel to have a year’s supply of basic food, clothing, and commodities was given fifty years ago and has been repeated many times since. Every father and mother are the family’s store keepers. They should store whatever their own family would like to have in the case of an emergency…store a year’s supply…that might keep us form starving in case of emergency.”

… “There is a wise old saying ‘Eat it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without’. Thrift is a practice of not wasting anything. Some people are able to get by because of the absence of expense. They have their shoes resoled, they patch, they mend, they sew, and they save money. They avoid installment buying, and make purchases only after saving enough to pay cash, thus avoiding interest charges. Frugality means to practice careful economy.”

Latin Proverb

While we consider when to begin, it becomes too late.

Bruce R. McConkie

“Stand Independent Above All Creatures”

“I stand before the Church this day and raise the warning voice. It is a prophetic voice, for I shall say only what the apostles and the prophets have spoken concerning our day. …It is a voice calling upon the Lord’s people to prepare for the troubles and desolations which are about to be poured upon the world without measure. For the moment, we live in a day of peace and prosperity but it shall not ever be thus. Great trials lie ahead. All of the sorrows and perils of the past are but a foretaste of what is yet to be. And we must prepare ourselves temporally and spiritually.”

…”We do not know when the calamities and troubles of the last days will fall upon any of us as individuals or upon bodies of the Saints. … We can rest assured that if we have done all in our power to prepare for whatever lies ahead, He will then help us with whatever else we need. … We do not say that all of the Saints will be spared and saved from the coming day of desolation. But we do say there is no promise of safety and no promise of security except for those who love the Lord and who are seeking to do all that he commands.”

 The Parable of the Ten Virgins

Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him. Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out. But the wise answered, saying, Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut. Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not. Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.

In this parable, the Savior taught us how to prepare for His Second Coming.

President Heber J. Grant, J. Reuben Clark, Jr., David O. McKay (First Presidency), Conference Report 1942 as quoted in We Believe, by Rulon T. Burton

In these last days, the Lord has said, “Be faithful, praying always, having your lamps trimmed and burning, and oil with you, that you may be ready at the coming of the Bridegroom” (D&C 33:17). This counsel refers to the parable of the ten virgins, which illustrates how we are to prepare for Christ’s Second Coming (see Matthew 25:1–13). Here are some explanations that may help you as you study this parable and ponder its meaning, continue reading here

“The principle of the fat and lean kine is as applicable today as it was in the days when, on the banks of the Nile, Joseph interpreted Pharaoh’s dream. Officials now warn us, and warn again, that scant days are coming.”

 L. Tom Perry

“If Ye Are Prepared, Ye Shall Not Fear”

“As long as I can remember, we have been taught to prepare for the future and to obtain a year’s supply of necessities. . . . I believe the time to disregard this counsel is over. With the events in the world today, it must be considered with all seriousness. . . . Create a plan if you don’t already have one, or update your present plan . . . We are not in a situation that requires panic buying, but we do need to be careful in purchasing and rotating the storage that we’re putting away.”

…Acquire and store a reserve of food and supplies that will sustain life [if local laws permit such storage]. Obtain clothing and build a savings account on a sensible, well-planned basis that can serve well in times of emergency. As long as I can remember, we have been taught to prepare for the future and to obtain a year’s supply of necessities. I would guess that the years of plenty have almost universally caused us to set aside this counsel. I believe the time to disregard this counsel is over. With events in the world today, it must be considered with all seriousness.”

Orson Pratt

Orson Pratt (Deseret Evening News, vol. 8, #265, October 1875.)

“And the time will come, when we shall find ourselves restricted, and when it will be very important indeed for us to patronize home productions, and cease sending our millions abroad for importations, for the gate will be shut down, and circumstances will be such that we cannot bring things from abroad; and hence, the necessity of the exhortation that we have received from time to time, to engage with all our hearts in the various branches of industry necessary to make us self-sustaining and to carry them out with all the tact and wisdom which God has given to us, that we may become free and independent in all these matters, free before the heavens, and free from all nations of the earth and their productions, so as being dependent upon them is concerned.”

 Joseph B. Wirthlin

“All too often a family’s spending is governed more by their yearning than by their earning. They somehow believe that their life will be better if they surround themselves with an abundance of things. All too often all they are left with is avoidable anxiety and distress”

 Orson Hyde

Journal of Discourses, vol. 5, p. 17

“Remember the counsel that is given,” “…Store up all your grain,’ and take care of it!” “…And I tell you it is almost as necessary to have bread to sustain the body as it is to have food for the spirit; for the one is as necessary as the other to enable us to carry on the work of God upon the earth.”


Barbara B. Smith

“Follow Joyously”

“Life is made up of small daily acts. Savings in food budgets come by pennies, not only by dollars. Clothing budgets are cut by mending stitch by stitch, seam by seam. Houses are kept in good repair nail by nail. Provident homes come not by decree or by broad brushstroke. Provident homes come from small acts performed well day after day. When we see in our minds the great vision, then we discipline ourselves by steady, small steps that make it happen.”

Vaughn J. Featherstone

“Food Storage”

“…I should like to address a few remarks to those who ask, ‘Do I share with my neighbors who have not followed the counsel? And what about the non-members who do not have a year’s supply? Do we have to share with them? ‘No, we don’t have to share—we get to share! Let us not be concerned about silly thoughts of whether we would share or not. Of course we would share!”

This morning I would like to discuss food storage.  Let me suggest three or four things we can do.  Start by taking an inventory – take a physical count of all of your reserves.  This would be a great family home evening project if you’re prepared.  If not, it may be terribly embarrassing to you in front of your family. Imagine how the powerful testimony you bear concerning a living prophet must sound to your children, who know that as a family head you have been counseled for years to have a year’s reserve of food on hand.  We need to know where we are.  Every family should take an inventory – get all the facts. Second, decide what is needed to bring your present reserve levels to a year’s supply.  Then make a list and prepare a plan.  Consider first, what are the basics? – wheat (or grain from your locale), sugar or honey, dried milk, salt, and water.  Most of us can afford such basics.  Buy them from your monthly food budget allowance.  The Church discourages going into debt to buy for storage. Now that you know where you are and where you need to be, the third step is to work out a time schedule for when you will reach your goal.  I suggest that one year from today we ought to have a year’s supply of food in all active – and many inactive – members’ homes in the Church.  Where food storage violates the law of your land, then abide the law.  However, even in those cases we can plant gardens and fruit trees and raise rabbits or chickens.  Do all you can within the laws of your community, and the Lord will bless you when the time of need comes.

“I bear my humble witness to you that the great God of heaven will open doors and means in a way we never would have supposed, to help all those who truly want a years supply…All we have to do is to decide, commit to it, and then keep the commitment. Miracles will take place…”

…For twenty-six years, since I was fifteen, I was involved in the grocery industry.  I learned much about human nature during those years.  I remember the effects that strikes, earthquakes, and rumors of war had on many very active Latter-day Saints.  Like the five foolish virgins, they rushed to the store to buy food, caught in the panic of knowing that direction had been given by the prophet but not having followed that direction – fearful that maybe they had procrastinated until it was everlastingly too late. It was interesting because only in Latter-day Saint communities did people seem to buy with abandon.  It was not a few Latter-day Saints – it was a significant number.  It caused great increases in sales.  One such experience came when a so-called prophecy by someone outside the Church was greatly publicized. How foolish we can sometimes be!  We have a living prophet; we have God’s living oracles, the First Presidency and the Council of the Twelve Apostles.  Let us follow the Brethren and be constant.  We need have no fear if we are prepared.

 Heber C. Kimball

Heber C. Kimball Journal of Discourses, vol. 5, p. 10

“Lay up your stores, and take your silks and fine things and exchange them for grain and such things as you need and the time will come when we will be obliged to depend upon our own resources.; for the time is not far distant when the curtain will be dropped between us and the United States. When that time comes, brethren and sisters, you will wish you had commenced sooner to make your own clothing. I tell you God requires us to go into home manufacture; and prolong it as much as you like, you have got to do it.”

“Living the Principles of Self-Reliance” by Larry Hiller, Church magazines and Kathryn H. Olson, welfare services

The blessings of temporal self-reliance become especially obvious in times of crises such as natural disasters, unemployment, or financial turmoil. But spiritual self-reliance is equally crucial in such times. Those with firm spiritual foundations are blessed with peace, reassurance, and greater faith when calling on Heavenly Father for help.

Church leaders counsel us to prepare for spiritual crises.

President Boyd K. Packer, President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, said:

“We have been taught to store … food, clothing, and, if possible, fuel—at home. …

“Can we not see that the same principle applies to inspiration and revelation, the solving of problems, to counsel, and to guidance? …

“If we lose our emotional and spiritual independence, our self-reliance, we can be weakened quite as much, perhaps even more, than when we become dependent materially.”

How can I become spiritually self-reliant?

Spiritual self-reliance is essential to our eternal well-being. When we are spiritually self-reliant, our testimonies do not depend on the testimonies of others. We seek our own spiritual experiences through praying daily, studying the scriptures, and exercising faith in Jesus Christ. We turn to our Heavenly Father for His help to resolve our own difficult problems. We are also able to strengthen others in their times of spiritual need.

Animated gif: LDS Intelligent Living

LDS Home Storage Center: Important Changes You Should Be Aware of

In Portland, Oregon, the LDS Home Storage Center walk-in hours are on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 9 AM -2 PM.  Non-members are welcome.


Only 12 LDS Home Storage Centers are letting people dry-pack long-term food storage. The other centers only sell pre-packaged #10 cans individually or in cases of 6 cans or pre-packaged Mylar bags. Also available for purchase are 25 lbs bags of Hard Red and Hard White Wheat.

Pre-packed food can be purchased directly at the Home Storage Center near you (either individual cans or pouches or in a case). If ordering online, they can be purchased only in a case.

Additionally, the portable dry-pack canner is no longer available to check-out.

For those interested in dry-packing their own food, an automatic impulse pouch sealer can be purchased at the distribution center. 

To view all the products available for purchase, visit the LDS Distribution Center here
To view the order form available at the Home Storage Centers,
To find out the hours of operation at an LDS Home Storage Center near you, visit the Home Storage Center location page at
If you want to know the location of the 12 Home Storage Centers that  offer self-canning, click here


Learn More About Food Storage and Food lasting 30 years or more, click here… 

Build Your Food…One Step at a Time Provident Living Today
Food Storage, from Provident Living
“Storage Life of Dried Food” by USA Emergency Supply
Photo: LDS Intelligent Living

‘Fix it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without’ The Internet can help!

by Laraine L. Thompson

Play Doh and Other Delights

You know how it is. Your child or grandchild wants to use your rolling pin to make pies and cookies. No time to make a real dough of any sort and, welcoming the child’s desire for any creativity that doesn’t involve your I-Pad, your Smartphone, or, Heaven forbid, the television, you happily find the Play Doh, open it up and there it is. Inside sits a clunk of something that vaguely resembles a hockey puck or even a pet rock. A wonderful morning/afternoon of kiddie creativity, right in to the garbage, soon to be followed by wails of disappointment or complaints of, “I’m Bored………..”

Now what? Wipe the tears away? Tell them to go outside and find something to do? Oh wait! It’s raining—again. Somewhere, in the recesses of your creatively challenged mind, you hear Great Grandma repeating, ‘Eat it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without’. Now, why is Great Grandma intruding upon your dilemma? Hold on a minute. Maybe she was on to something. We can’t eat up the play doh. It’s already too late to wear it out and your children’s wails will not allow you to do without. What’s left? Make do? Quick, to the internet—“How to Fix dried out Play Doh”. Just add water and knead? Really? That simple? Desperate, you try it and, wonder of wonders, it works. The drier the dough, the more water it requires, the longer the knead. But it does work. Who knew? You thought you might need some sort of chemical from the local hardware or craft store. Just add water. Now, never mind that your hands will turn the color of the play doh as you work. It is messy, wear an apron. But the kids will love it! And it may last the better part of a morning. Oh, and be sure you secure the lids tightly so that the newly constituted dough does not dry out anytime soon.

I lived this scenario this past week as I attempted to take care of my grandchildren. I was one desperate grandma and then I remembered the internet. I can find anything on the internet! Just ask a question and there’s the answer. It made me think of this assignment to write about frugality—eating up, wearing out, making do, or doing without. It takes some real creativity to live frugally and some days, creativity is the least of my skills. Thank goodness for the internet. What a great gift this magical search engine in the sky has become to me. I find myself on many occasions grateful for its magic and often express my gratitude to my Heavenly Father for its power. Whether it is a better way to repair or hem an old pair of jeans, or a way to use food storage for a delicious quick meal, or how to fix dried out Play Doh, the internet can help. Frugality is so much easier than it used to be. Give it a try. It really is fun!



Photo source: public domain

Animated gif by LDS Intelligent Living