Tag Archives: emergency preparedness

The Vernonia Flood

by Terry Grosnick

We’ve read all too often of flooding around the world as well as here at home; so often in fact that we may simply glance through the story and move on to what is happening on the political front or who is playing who in the sport’s world. I want to share with you the story behind the story. The story of brave families that have come face to face with a flood disaster, after which perhaps some of you volunteered your time and your talents to help after the Vernonia flood of December 3, 2007.
That flood began occurring before 8:30 in the morning in Vernonia, Oregon, a rural but quaint lumber town situated in our own back yard about an hour and a half west of Portland with a population of 2,100. It’s the kind of rural community that we often search out on the weekends looking for just the right vase for Aunt Mary or that certain pocket knife for Uncle Fred. Quaint! Friendly! And Homey!
The Vernonia citizens are down-to-earth good people that help one another in times of need and attend church on Sundays just like you & I, but that flood was more than they could handle on their own. Especially since many of those same citizens had already been through the 500 year flood in 1996, and their pocket books were thin from putting their homes back together after that disaster.
The community was caught completely by surprise and swift moving currents made rescues especially difficult. The roads going in and out of town were closed and Vernonia became an island. They had no outside help for the first twenty-four hours since even the Air National Guard couldn’t fly that day because of weather conditions and didn’t arrive until the morning of December 4th. Outside agencies couldn’t reach them because the roads were closed. They only had each other to rely on. Because the flood waters became so deep, sometimes they couldn’t even get to their neighbors. It was just too dangerous.

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This is where my story begins; the story behind the story.
Brother & Sister Scott Rice were one of those couples that put their home back together after the 1996 flood. They were only one of many families that survived that disaster a lot wiser and a lot more prepared. For them, by the time 2007 rolled around their family had increased to six.
The Rice’s watched the water flowing down Douglas Street like a water slide, almost pleasant as it inched its way to the pond across from their home. They were not concerned in the beginning however, because they had raised the foundation of their home in ’96 and thought all was well. As they watched though, the water quickly became deeper and deeper lapping at the tires of their vehicles and flowing into their garage. They all knelt for family prayer. What should they do? Their children became increasingly concerned and with the further depth of water they decided they had to leave in their own boat.
They planned to ride the boat up the street to the main highway west to get to higher ground. However, the propeller of the boat became entangled in the barbed-wire fencing from around the pond. It had been lifted from the ground by the force of the water. This family of six, along with two young people who came to rescue them in a much smaller boat, and the family cat in a box that yowled continually from fear found themselves stranded in deep water in the middle of their own street. The family prayed several times in the boat discerning what Heavenly Father wished for them to do.
There was so much debris in the water that kept crashing into the boat that it became an impossible situation. They called 911, not because they feared for their lives but because they were freezing in the cold and pouring December weather and their children were afraid and soaked to the skin. The heavy rains continued until the boat was raised above the wire fencing. This time they aimed the boat toward the mountainside at the east end of their street. As their boat moved away, they watched the flood waters move in and claim their home.
The family was able to clamor onto the hillside among the berry briers and the snow, making their way the distance of two blocks to their Branch President’s home & safety. A day or two later, they moved into an apartment over Scott’s brothers garage well away from the flood waters and the yellow muck & mud left behind as the flood waters receded.
Sister Rice had learned some important lessons from the previous flood. Everyone take note: Don’t keep any items in cardboard boxes. Their family items were kept in plastic tubs and picked up and put away every evening. This included cardboard laundry and dishwasher soaps. Everything was kept portable and contained.
Before they left their home they put everything they could up onto stationary counter tops and built-ins; not tables or other furnishings that the swiftness of the water could up-end. Even refrigerators are easily tipped over by the force of flood water.
Sister Rice always keeps their important papers & pictures where they can easily be grabbed & taken with them. When a church contractor came to help repair their home later, he built a ledge around the middle of the garage where power tools and expensive, irreplaceable, items could be safely stored. And, yes, their home foundation was once again raised.
Last winter while their oldest daughter was living in a basement apartment in Corvallis, she followed her mom’s instructions and kept all her possessions in plastic tubs. That became an invaluable piece of knowledge when her apartment flooded. Nearly all of Laura’s things were safe but her roommate, not followings Sister’s Rice’s advice, lost nearly everything.
The family now has a generator because the Vernonia Community often loses their electricity throughout the year. Her husband found one, on the internet, that needed repair. Being an engineer, he had it in working order in no time. Now their freezer food will always remain cold.
Once work began restoring the Rice home, Sister Rice was asked to go over to over and see what was happening there. When she arrived, there were about 25 men inside tearing out the floor before it could begin molding. There was a woman & her daughter that the family didn’t know that wiped down the front door & completely cleaned the bathroom. There were men everywhere outside picking up debris including the yellow shirts we all know and love and fellow workers at Intel and church members and many others that remain nameless.
Sister Rice hurried back home, returning with her four children so that they could see all the work that was being done on their home. She wanted them to know the generosity of people and that it was the love of the Lord that brought them to help out their family. This kind of service was going on all over Vernonia.
An elderly sister who lived right across the highway from the Nehalem River told me she watched the water come over the road and bring logs and log debris with it, bumping into her home’s foundation and front & back steps all night long. She had raised her house about 8’ after the 1996 flood. Yes, she was safe, but she talked about how frightening it was to feel & hear those sounds since she lived alone and was unable to get out of her house because of flooding.
Brother Bob Grosnick & Brother Keith Atchley checked on the flood waters at the corner of Hwy 47 and Scappoose-Vernonia Highway about 4 PM, December 3. They stayed well back as they watched debris, including a washing machine being swept over the bridge from the force of the raging waters.
Steven Perry and his family lived about 500 feet from the Vernonia church building. Equipped with a rain coat and fishing waders, every hour on the hour, Brother Perry forced his way through torrents of water to keep the church parking lot drains free of debris. Between his efforts and the grace of the Lord, their church building was spared any water damage.
Alison & Jerry Dinger had recently installed new flooring and new carpet on the main level of their home. That was ruined, of course, as were the floors and many items in their out-buildings. Their property, as well of their neighborhood, became a lake with houses planted here and there. They were able to live in their upstairs until the main level was cleaned and flooring replaced. It is impossible to realize how much sludge and smelly refuge a flood can leave in its trail.
Sister Gienah Cheney said later in a RS meeting, “I didn’t have enough chocolate when our basement flooded right up to the top step of the main floor.” Well, everyone laughed as you probably are doing right now, but when you are in the middle of a disaster it is the familiar that brings you peace and comfort. When the Cheney family were exhausted and emotionally spent, they would gather around one another and have a piece of chocolate heaven. Regroup! And go back to work. (Families should only store those foods that your loved ones will enjoy eating in times of crisis.)
Later, the Vernonia Branch Building was opened as a head-quarters to volunteer workers to gather and receive instruction as to where they were needed. The center was manned by the local Relief Society sisters. They also prepared lunches for those hungry volunteers and there were many workers over the weeks to come. The church storehouse brought one of the first trucks into town and made frequent deliveries of canned foods to be given out to the community.
Sister Tori Fallau, working at the local Senior Center, waited too long to drive the six blocks to her two-story town house where her son & daughter were at home alone. The flood waters came up to the bottom of the doors of her old pick-up truck. She abandoned it and pushed through on her own. The apartment was flooding when she arrived home so they gathered what they could, including their two cats and put everything on the second floor. With her six year old son between them, they managed to walk through waist-high water to a steep section of the main highway and to the safety of a friend’s home, even though raging & powerful flood waters were pouring over them the whole time.
A National Guard helicopter was able to rescue a community woman and her daughter when their jeep was swept into the Nehalem River. They were able to escape the vehicle and were standing on the roof top when they were found.
There were 17 church missionaries that came to the local Vernonia Cares Food Bank building, mucked it out and restored clean & sanitary order to a chaotic mess. All the foods that were stored there for the residents to choose from were destroyed, but once the missionaries cleaned out the building, donations replaced all that was lost and much more. To this day, you can still see the flood water marks on the double doors about 5’ off the floor. Did I mention the building has about a three foot foundation?
The Food Bank Board and many, many volunteers stepped up to put the building and food items right. Sandy Welch, the Food Bank’s manager was unable to be there in the beginning since her home had also flooded. Others willingly did their best to replace Sandy’s wonderful leadership. This was another time when the strength and courage of the community shined through.
It is important that I mention the 200 state prison inmates from the four correctional facilities that were able to serve Vernonia residents with clean up. I, for one, was working at the Vernonia Cares Food Bank while inmates were building shelving for all of the hundreds of pounds of food that was donated by those caring families from the Valley, Safeway Foods, Fred Meyer and many other businesses. With the inmates help, residents were able to push a grocery cart up and down shelved isles to take whatever their families could use. The inmates were happy to be helping and the Vernonian’s were happy to have their help.
The Cedar Ridge Retreat Center opened their doors to displaced residents needing a shower and a warm, dry bed. The Retreat kitchen staff fed people as did St. Mary’s Catholic Church. St. Mary’s shelter was overrun with 168 flood victims staying there. It had a capacity for 70.
As donations poured in, the old Lincoln Grade School, well up on a hillside, was opened to accept furniture, beds, and appliances in the basement level and clothing and dry goods on the main floor.
There was no phone service and no electrical power, leaving citizens in the dark, unable to reach out to their families for several days.
As the waters began to recede, rescue efforts were bolstered by the arrival of Air National Guard Troops who used inflatable rafts and high clearance vehicles to help evacuate residents.
Relief efforts began pouring into the community from everywhere. There were so many Portland-area businesses that assisted, they are too numerous to mention. Individuals & groups in outlying areas brought clothing, food, toys, furniture, and financial donations.
Another courageous woman of Vernonia was Dr. Phillis Gillmore. She was the only Vernonia Medical Physician. The Providence Clinic was built right on the banks of Rock Creek in the middle of town. She told me that her office chair was in her office in the very front of the building and when she went in after the flood it was clear in the back of the building. The force of water is an interesting phenomenon.
Providence brought in and set up yurt-like tents in the clinic parking lot. Dr. Gillmore would go from tent to tent seeing patients. There was an epidemic of pneumonia and skin/eye infections from all the septic tank sewerage and flood water & mud muck.
The local dentist’s office building, belonging to Brother Chris Scheuerman, was also along the banks of Rock Creek with severe flood damage. He was able to have a large dental van brought in to continue serving the community.
Before the flood, the grade, middle and high schools were on the main drag through town, Highway 47. Not any longer! Since the flood, a new building housing all grades has been built on higher ground. However, the museum and the fire & police departments can still be found at each end of town. All three buildings were built on high ground and unaffected by the flood.
The story of the 2007 Vernonia Flood could not be told without mentioning “Trash Mountain”. Daily trucks and cars would be lined up through town waiting to unload their flood garbage at a designated dump site. A back hoe was used to mound it into a “mountain” of trash, and then load it into dump trucks to be hauled away each day. Property owners were also allowed to leave their flood garbage at the end of their streets and it was picked up and hauled away.
With Christmas just around the corner, many, many donations were received in the form of presents for the children. It was a heart-warming Christmas for the Vernonia children and a welcome financial relief for the parents.
When it came close to Christmas and time for the branch Christmas dinner, the Stake members stepped in and supplied a sit-down dinner for the entire attending branch. Everyone was so exhausted from repairing their own homes or helping with other’s repairs that the idea of putting together a Christmas dinner was an unsurmountable thought. The stake will never know what a choice blessing they gave the Vernonia Branch members in preparing and serving that dinner.
Without schools to attend, the branch young men and young women worked diligently, helping the community muck out their houses and clearing the insulation, venting, and the aftermath of the flood from beneath homes. When it came time, in January, for the youth to go back to school, they complained. They didn’t want to go to school! They just wanted to keep doing the Lord’s work and help others.
In closing, one last story: Sister Kimberly Perry loaded her suburban with as many church sanitary buckets as it would hold, driving around town and handing them out. She had pulled up to a curb when a resident asked if she could have one of the buckets. Sister Perry quickly got out and gave her a bucket from the back of her vehicle. When the flood victim saw Christ’s picture on the front of our buckets, she said, “There is Jesus. He couldn’t stop the flood, but he never forgot us. He has been here all the time.”
There are so many stories within stories to tell of brave, courageous individuals that shared and cared with families, neighbors and friends through a difficult time in their lives. They rose to the challenge of the 2007 Vernonia flood. Their testimonies were tried and tested. They rose to the challenge, victorious as were our pioneers ancestors.
I hope I have inspired readers to prayerfully look at what you have put away for emergencies and what needs to be done yet and begin again gathering and organizing.
I leave you my testimony that Christ is here with us through all the disasters that come our way, but he expects us to do our share. Let’s gather our families around us, make a plan, and get to work filling in those things that need completing. A feeling of peace and comfort will abide with you and your loved ones as you work toward being completely prepared.

Sister Terry Grosnick,  previous member of the Vernonia Branch.

To learn more about emergency preparedness, click here

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Can You Access your Water Storage in an Emergency?

by Becca

Water, water everywhere, but how to get to it? Hopefully, all of us have some water stored in case of an emergency.  There are many reasons and ways to store it. This article focuses on how to access water stored in 10-gallon or larger water barrels.  So, you have taken the time to fill up your barrel, excellent!  The next question is do you have a way to access this water in case of an emergency?  If you are not around, is your spouse or are your children able to access it?   There are a few options available. One is to buy a pump cap (about $15).  Another option is to drill a hole near the base of the barrel and install a spigot (around $5 for parts at a hardware store). If you choose this option you’ll need to install the spigot before filling the barrel (or you’ll have to empty and re-fill).  Or another option is to get a fluid siphon (about $6).  This is two tubes connected in the middle by a hand pump similar to those found on a blood pressure cuff.  When choosing your method the strength and ability of the weakest person who would need to be able to access the water should be your primary concern.  Can you or your spouse tip the barrel?  If not, an access method will prevent unnecessary water loss in a time of emergency. For information on storing water for an emergency, click here

Be Prepared, Don’t Run Out of Gas

Never let the gas tank in your car get below half a tank. If you do this, you won’t have to worry about running out of gas, AND if you had to evacuate, you would be ready.

Read more about it here

Know what to do if you need to evacuate, click here

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Emergency Car Kit

by JoAnn K.

Having emergency supplies readily available in our vehicles is always a good idea.  Most of us spend several hours each week or even each day away from the comforts and convenience of home.  When an emergency strikes, if we have our Emergency Car Kit with us in our vehicle we will be in a much better position of comfort and convenience until help can arrive or conditions improve so we can continue to our destination.

It sounds like common sense and also seems so easy; yet, many of us struggle with the assembly of these Emergency Car Kits given the limitations of space and extremes in temperature the interior of a car will encounter over the course of a year.

Keeping our Emergency Car Kits simple may provide the motivation and direction we need to assemble the kits and actually put them into our vehicles.

Let’s remember the basics of life: water, food, protection.

Water –

  • It is recommended by FEMA that we store 3 gallons per person (1 gallon per person per day for 72 hours).  This quantity includes water for drinking, cooking, and personal hygiene.  If you don’t have enough room for the full quantity of water in your vehicle just store as much as you can; although 3 gallons per person is the ideal some is better than none.
  • Keep in mind that different size water containers may help you achieve your goal; while gallon jugs are easy to carry, you probably can’t store one under your seat (at least not without breaking it).  However, smaller size containers can fit in the nooks and crannies, under the seat, in the seat pockets, in the glove box, and of course in the trunk.
  • Try to use or buy water containers that can expand if frozen, the extra ribbing (fancy bumps and designs in the plastic of commercial water bottles) will usually allow the bottle to expand without breaking should the water freeze in your vehicle – some bottles have more ribbing than others.

Food –

  • Choose items that won’t spoil with extremes in temperatures and that won’t make you excessively thirsty.  This means no canned foods and no dehydrated fruits that have a high moisture content (those that are sticky to the touch like raisins and apricots – these will mold quickly in a hot humid vehicle).
  • Graham crackers, a box of your favorite cold breakfast cereal, granola bars, fruit snacks, and peanut butter are some examples of the types of things that can be stored in a vehicle.

Protection –

  • Since you most likely can rely on your vehicle for protection we will focus instead on clothing and blankets.  While you may be safe in your vehicle from a rain or snow storm the temperatures inside the vehicle will still become cold.  Add an extra pair of warm clothes to your kit or a blanket or two.
  • Consider adding a poncho or rain coat (and of course an umbrella).
  • Consider adding a hat and gloves as well.
  • If you often wear dress shoes put a pair of tennis shoes in your kit.

Once we have these basics covered and in our vehicle we can then start adding additional comforts such as:

  • First Aid Kit (read labels carefully on medications as some will not tollerate extremes in temperature)
  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Multi-purpose tool and/or a knife and set of basic tools
  • Activity to occupy your mind – book to read, game to play, paper and pen to write wit
  • Road flares – alert others on the road of your presence (do not use as a light stick, they drip and have noxious fumes – place on road or other non-flammable surface)
  • Light sticks – fairly inexpensive and provide up to 12 hours of light

Storing your Emergency Car Kit can also be done in any manner you desire.  Plastic totes with lids, gallon size baggies (there are even larger sizes now that zip closed and keep the contents dry), and cardboard boxes are just a few examples.

Photo source: public domain CDC

The Food in Your 72 Hour Emergency Kit

by LDS Intelligent Living

You should gather whatever your family will need to survive for three days.  Those items in your emergency kit might be the only possessions you will have. During a disaster, there will be a lot of stress. You may have been evacuated to a  shelter, you could be walking or driving to get to safety (always have your gas tank close to full), and you may have to use your camping gear for a while. Having food you like to eat during these difficult times will definitely boost your morale. You certainly do not want to try new things. Plan your food according to your family’s needs (allergies, diabetes etc.) The food should be non perishable, easy to store and prepare, light weight and have a long shelf life. It should have adequate  calories, protein, carbohydrates and be low in sodium (salty food will make you thirsty). You want food that will give you energy and fill you up. You don’t want to add to your stress level by being hungry. Choose food high in fiber and avoid junk food.                          

Some Food Ideas

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Most of you would be fine on 2,000 calories a day in an emergency situation. You might need more calories in cold weather or if you have to do heavy work. Keep this amount under consideration as you build your food kit. The best types of food are starches and the like (complex carbohydrates). They are easy to digest, and provide longer lasting energy. If you are a nursing mother, you should have powdered formula for your infant (you will need to plan extra water), and have disposable bottles/liners etc. on hand because sterilization may not be available. You may not be around to nurse your child during an emergency.                       

Organizing the Food

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It is more convenient to plan the same food items (breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks) for the three days. Separate the food in gallon-sized Ziploc bags for each day. If you separate the food for each of the three days, it will help you not over eat your supplies and allow you to keep order in your kit. You can easily see the food in the Ziploc bag, which makes it easier to notice if you forgot anything.

Some suggestions for 72 hour emergency food

Peanut butter, Nutella, granola bars, protein bars, cereal, MREs and Freeze Dried Food (FDF), soy milk, milk (powdered or canned), raviolis, chili, beef stew, tuna, rice, ready-to-eat soup (not condensed), dehydrated fruits and fruit leathers, instant oats, instant grits, juice boxes, fruit cups, canned food, and Ramen noodles.Favorite snacks should be included, as well as lollipops, and hard candies. The flavor of peppermint ((gums, candies) is soothing and curbs the appetite and will keep mouths occupied when hungry.

Remember to separate food with strong flavors or scents so they don’t mix with the rest of the food in the Ziploc bag.

Don’t forget to date the Ziploc bags as well as your food items. Write family members’ names on the bag as well, especially if there are food limitations for some of them. Keep a record of all the food you bought for your emergency kit and how you organized each day’s menu. It will make it easier to update your food pack later on.

MREs (Meals Ready to Eat, the U.S. military’s field rations) MREs can be eaten cold but are not very palatable. An MRE basically tastes like any sort of food out of a can does. Each meal contains about 1300 calories. The shelf life (3+ years) of this type of food is dependent on the storage temperature. Keep in a cool place at 70 degrees or lower. Marshall Brain, talking about the taste of MREs, said the following,

“If you grew up like a lot of Americans, eating casseroles, Hamburger Helper and lots of prepared foods out of a can or a jar, then an MRE is a completely normal, completely acceptable meal for you.”

Freeze Dried Food Freeze dried food in pouches maintain nutritional values rivaling the best fresh frozen products. They have a long shelf life (up to 7 years). They come in a wide variety of products in 1, 2, or 4 person food pouches (entrees, side dishes, snacks, and more). There is no cooking required, just add water. They are lightweight, which is desirable for an emergency kit, but they are expensive. You need to plan extra water if you have FDFs as part of your emergency food kit.

Updating your kit Involve your family members in this preparation so they can learn about preparedness. General Conference is a good time to update your 72 hour emergency kit. This way, twice a year, you can change the food and clothes for the fall/winter and spring/summer seasons. Kids sizes change (adults too), and clothes need to match the seasons. Other supplies in the emergency kit such as batteries etc. can be updated at that time as well. Have your family members eat the food between the sessions of General Conference. Our kids enjoy the eating part of updating the 72 hour kit. Remember, it will be less stressful if you pick food that requires little or no water and also doesn’t require cooking. If your food requires cooking, you will need a mess kit or other compact equipment and a stove. If you have canned food, pack a can opener. Include one even if you do not have cans in your kit, you might need it anyway.

Our son would not leave behind his pet lovebird Soleil if we had to evacuate.

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You need to plan for your pets as well. They will depend on you for food, water, and shelter. You’ll also need to store a gallon of water per day per person. That is a lot of water to carry. Try putting as many water bottles as you can in a cooler, cart, or bag with wheels and keep it with your 72 hour emergency bags and supplies.

Do not forget to pack hand wipes, plastic utensils, paper bowls and/or plates, and trash bags.

Remember, this is a short term situation. This kit is a survival kit. Do not go to extremes as you gather these supplies.

Photos by LDS Intelligent Living

Thoughts on Food Storage

By Karen P.

Our Relief Society Theme for 2007 is “When obedience ceases to be an irritant, and becomes our quest, in that moment God will endow us with power” (Pres. Ezra Taft Benson). I have been thinking how that relates to having our families prepare for emergencies. When we hear about being prepared does it irritate us? If so, perhaps it needs to become our quest and then we will have the enthusiasm to “do it!”

In 1976 the Teton Dam broke in southern Idaho, flooding the valley below that was inhabited predominately by members of the Church. These Saints were endowed with power” because preparedness had been their “quest”. My parents and younger brothers went to the Rexburg area to help in the cleaning-up process. My mother has very narrow hands that allow her to reach into a quart-canning jar to clean it. That was her assignment that day to clean out muddy bottles that once held canned fruit. As she knew the hours of labor spent in preserving the fruit, she cried most of the day. Despite the losses, testimonies were shared of the miracles witnessed by these Saints. Ricks College sits high on a hill and the floodwaters flowed around it. Those whose homes were flooded flocked to the student cafeteria where hot meals were provided. There were more people fed during those weeks than there was food brought into the cafeteria. They were blessed because they had been faithful, not in the manner they had expected, but in the Lord’s way.

As we continue our “quest” to have our families and homes prepared for those unknowns that will come our way, we can rely on the Lord’s promise that those who are prepared need not fear.

Karen P., POE Stake Relief Society President

2007 Noah’s Ark Newsletter/LDS Intelligent Living

Photo source: public domain

A NET Training Experience

By JoAnn K.

I finished the NET training from the City of Portland this past November and it was a wonderful experience.  I enjoyed learning what the City’s emergency personnel can/can’t and will/won’t do in a catastrophic emergency situation.  I think there is a common misconception that in a catastrophe the police and fire rescue will be there to guide and help us.  Unfortunately for the general neighborhood, the City’s emergency personnel are bound to save the greatest number of lives, which means during a catastrophe they will be obligated to go to the most heavily populated areas first – leaving neighborhoods on their own.  Knowing this it becomes clear that it is important for us to get ourselves trained in proper emergency techniques.

The NET training covers utility shut-offs (when to and when not to shut them off, and how to do it properly), triage, disaster medicine, Fire/HAZMAT, and Search and Rescue.  Curiously enough they don’t cover CPR and only basic first aid is discussed – an extensive knowledge of either of these are not required.  Also, I was relieve to learn that NET team members are not to place themselves or others in danger to save another.  There is no entering burning or collapsing buildings, etc.

After all of the training and practice there was an open book exam and a field exercise to put into practice everything I learned in class.  The field exercise was more like another practice session as the trainers were right there beside us the whole time, offering tips and suggestions.

Anyone can take the training, even those with limited physical abilities.  Accommodations are made at every step for those who have special needs and there are important positions in all phases of the emergency plan for those with limitations to fully participate and make a huge difference.

The emergency personnel for the City of Portland are just so thrilled with anyone willing to take this training that they are very accommodating and supportive of our efforts.  I highly recommend everyone takes the NET training, the more NET team members in a neighborhood the better off that neighborhood will be able to handle catastrophic events.

Photo source: public domain

Evacuation: 10 Minute Challenge

How well do you think you’d do in the 10 minute challenge?
 You can find more information to help families become prepared for emergencies,  here.
Business owner’s should check out the Ready.gov Business section.
Photo source: public domain